Current Affairs | Daily Current Affairs | Gk for ssc je | current issues 2019-2020

Top Current Affairs 28 December 2019

LPG bottling plant inaugurated in Odisha

The LPG bottling plant at Balangir, Odisha was recently dedicated to the nation by Odisha Governor Ganeshi Lal. This BPCL plant was to be dedicated to the nation by the Vice President, M. Venkaiah Naidu, but he could not come due to bad weather. The plant has been built in a record time of 19 months at a cost of Rs 103 crores. The foundation stone of the plant was laid on May 21, 2018, by the then Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Skill Development, Dharmendra Pradhan.

Russia deploys first Avangard hypersonic missiles into service

Russia has deployed the first hypersonic missile Avangard. Russia's Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu has informed President Vladimir Putin about the deployment of Avangard. This information was released in the official statement. According to the media reports, the direction of this missile can be changed even in the air. It caught the speed of Mach 27, which is equivalent to about 33,000 kilometers per hour, during the test. This is the first of its kind missile in the world. This missile can’t be caught by any radar.

Govt to provide free WiFi to all villages till March 2020

The Union Government has announced that it will provide free wifi services to all villages across India through its BharatNet project by March 2020. The free internet will be provided in schools, skill development centers and the health care centres in the villages. The project has also already been implemented in 1.3 lakh Gram Panchayats.

Top Current Affairs 27 December 2019

MiG 27: Indian Air Force bids farewell to 'hero' of Kargil conflict

MiG-27 fighter jet is known as the Kargil war hero that decommissioned today with its last flight. It was an Indian Air Force’s lethal fighter aircraft which became the main attacker during 1999 Kargil war. The last fighter aircraft of the squadron took a flight from Jodhpur airbase. The squadron will be number plated on 31 March 2020 which means it will no more in the service. The MiG-27's squadron in Jodhpur is the last batch of aircraft. However, this squadron was known as one of the IAF’s best team.

Hemant Soren to be sworn in as Jharkhand CM on 29th December

Hemant Soren is scheduled to take oath as the new Chief Minister of Jharkhand at 2 pm on December 29, 2019 at the Morabadi Ground in Ranchi. Soren will be administered the oath of the office by Jharkhand Governor Droupadi Murmu. Hemant Soren had gone to the Raj Bhavan on December 24 to stake claim to form the government in Jharkhand. The JMM Chief had submitted 50 letters of support to the Jharkhand Governor. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha will form the new government in the state in alliance with the Congress and the RJD. Their pre-poll alliance won a total of 47 seats in the 81-member Jharkhand assembly in the recently concluded Jharkhand elections 2019.

Virat Kohli named in Wisden’s five cricketers of the decade list

Indian skipper Virat Kohli has found a place in the list of five cricketers of the decade by the Wisden Cricketers' Almanac. Virat Kohli was named in the Wisden cricketers of the decade list along with four other cricketers – Australia’s Steve Smith and women’s all-rounder Ellyse Perry, South Africa’s Dale Steyn and AB de Villiers.

Top Current Affairs 26 December 2019

Atal Bhujal Yojana

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Atal Bhujal Yojana on the occasion of 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The Central Government has allocated Rs. 6000 crores for this scheme. According to Union Minister Prakash Javadekar, the Atal Bhujal Yojana has been brought to deal with the groundwater problem. It will cost Rs 6000 crores rupees in 5 years. However Rs. 3000 crore will be given by World Bank and Rs 3000 crores to be spent by the government. The Government has selected seven states for this scheme according to the level of groundwater exploitation in these areas. The Government has also selected these areas due to their institutional readiness, degradation, established legal and regulatory instruments, and experience in implementing initiatives related to groundwater management.

Renowned Hindi author Ganga Prasad Vimal dies

Famous Hindi author Ganga Prasad Vimal was recently killed in a road accident in Sri Lanka. He was 80. Vimal was traveling along with his daughter and granddaughter who were also killed in the same road accident. Ganga Prasad was an author, translator, and professor at Jawahar Lal Nehru University. According to the media reports, Ganga Prasad Vimal was going with his family in a van from South Galle Town towards Colombo. Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank', HRD Minister, paid his condolences on his demise. He said that Ganga Prasad Vimal's demise is a huge loss to the world of Hindi literature and a personal loss for him.

PM Modi renames Rohtang Tunnel as Atal Tunnel

The central government has renamed Rohtang Pass as 'Atal Tunnel' recently. This tunnel connects Leh and Manali regions. It was announced on the occasion of 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the Rohtang Tunnel connecting Manali to Leh will now be known as Atal Tunnel. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said in his tweet that the government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has fulfilled the long pending demand of re-naming the tunnel. He also said that it will be a tribute to the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. About four thousand crore rupees will be spent on its construction. The construction cost of the tunnel was estimated to be around Rs 1400 crore in the initial phase. The construction of the Tunnel delayed about five years due to the leakage of water from Seri River situated right above the tunnel.

Top Current Affairs 25 December 2019

MS Dhoni named captain of CA’s ODI team of the decade, Virat Kohli named test captain

India's World Cup-winning former captain MS Dhoni has been named the captain of Cricket Australia's (CA) ODI team of the decade. Cricket Australia announced its ODI and Test team of the decade on December 24, 2019. Indian skipper Virat Kohli and opener Rohit Sharma were also named in the CA’s ODI team of the decade. Virat Kohli was also named as the captain of CA’s Test team of the decade. Kohli is the sole Indian to feature in CA’s all-time test side of the decade. The other players in CA’s ODI team of the decade include South Africa’s Hashim Amla and AB de Villiers, Bangladesh’s Shakib al Hasan, England’s Jos Buttler, Australia’s Mitchell Starc, New Zealand’s Trent Boult, Sri Lanka’s Lasith Malinga and Afghanistan’s Rashid Khan.

Delhi cabinet approves electric vehicles policy to control pollution

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced that the Delhi Cabinet has passed the Electric Vehicle Policy to tackle air pollution. Kejriwal said that the government will give subsidies to promote e-vehicles. He said that an electric vehicle board will be formed to implement this policy. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said that the objective of this policy is to make Delhi the capital of electric vehicles in India.

Chief of Defence Staff: India’s first four-star post gets approval from cabinet

Chief of Defence Staff: Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the creation of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) post. It will be a four-star post. The country will soon get its first Chief of Defense Staff. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced to create this post from Red Fort on 15 August this year. The purpose of creating the Chief of Defence Staff post is to increase the coordination between the three armies. A committee was formed under the chairmanship of National Security Advisor Ajit Doval to finalize the modalities and responsibilities of CDS.

Top Current Affairs 24 December 2019

66th National Film Awards: Ayushman Khurrana, Vicky Kaushal bags best actors award

The 66th National Film Awards were conferred on December 23, 2019. The winners of the National Film Award 2019 are Ayushmann Khurrana (Andhadhun), Vicky Kaushal (Uri: The Surgical Strike), South Actress KirtiSuresh (Mahanati), Surekha Sikri (Badhaai Ho), among others.

Eight West African countries renamed common currency

Eight West African countries have announced a new common currency "Eco" to end French dominance from the region. These Eight countries are - Mali, Niger, Senegal, Benin, Togo, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, and Ivory Coast. These countries have decided to abolish the existence of the French colonial period, and they will use a new currency "Eco" in their country instead of the currently prevalent currency 'CFA franc'. This new currency will come into circulation in 2020.

Rakhi Halder creates two new national records in weightlifting

ndian woman weightlifter Rakhi Haldar (64kg) won a bronze medal at the Qatar International Cup along with creating two new national records. She is a commonwealth gold medalist who has created a national record while doing her best in snatch and total weight. This Indian player won a gold medal with a weight of 214 kg (94 kg +120 kg) in Commonwealth games in June 2019. She lifted a total of 218 kg with 95 kg in snatch and 123 kg in the clean and jerk category. India ended its journey with three medals at Olympic qualifying silver level event. A weightlifter must compete in at least six tournaments within three six-month periods (November 2018 to April 2020) to qualify for the Tokyo Olympics. Apart from this, the player has to participate in at least one gold and one other silver-level event.

Top Current Affairs 23 December 2019

Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed mega rally in New Delhi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed a rally at Ramlila Maidan in New Delhi. The 1,731 unauthorized colonies in Delhi gave ownership rights of their properties among those who attended the Rally. The Act does not take away anybody's citizenship rights. Prime Minister urged the youth to go through the details of the Act which passed by parliament. CAA and NRC will not take away the rights of any Muslim in India. The NRC brought in parliament for discussion.

Shiv Das Meena appointed as Chairman of Patna Metro Rail Corporation

Shiv Das Meena assumed the charge of Chairman of Patna Metro Rail Corporation Limited (PMRC). He belongs to the 1989-Batch IAS officer of Tamil Nadu cadre and an additional secretary and CVO in the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). Meena took charge of Chairman, PMRC, on December 14, 2019.

Central government to organize 100 Hunar Haats in next five years

Union Government decided to organize a hundred Hunar Haat across the country in the next five years. Aim The market exposure and employment opportunities to artisans, artisans, and traditional culinary experts. The 100 Hunar Hubs in different parts of the country wherein training is being provided to master artisans, artisans, and traditional culinary experts. Around two lakh 65 thousand artisans and craftsmen employed Hunar Haat in the last two years.

Google searches for Operation Twist surge in India

Google searches for Operation Twist surge in India. The announcement came after the central bank announced its version of the U.S. Federal Reserve unconventional monetary policy. The searches for the term came from Delhi, Maharashtra. Central Bank of India The central bank buys long-term bonds while simultaneously selling short-term government securities to cheapen long-term borrowing and boost bank lending.

Top Current Affairs 22 December 2019

Chairman 15th Finance Commission holds meeting with the CM Andhra Pradesh

Fifteenth Finance Commission Shri N K Singh met the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Shri YS Jagan Mohan Reddy in Vijaywada on 19th December 2019 Aim: To discuss various issues specific to state finances for the award period of the Commission from 2021 to 2026. Shri Reddy highlighted the State’s fiscal challenges arising out of the bifurcation of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh and stressed on the requirement of financial management by the new State Government

Abid Ali becomes first Pak batsman to score centuries in his first two Tests

Abid Ali became the first Pakistan cricketer to score centuries in his first two Test matches. The feat against Sri Lanka in the ongoing second Test of the two-match Test series at the National Stadium in Karachi. Ali is currently at the crease unbeaten on 147. The opener made 109 in the first Test against Sri Lanka and as a result, become the first-ever batsman in the history of the sport to score a century in his ODI and Test debut

Govt approved projects worth Rs 7000 cr under Nirbhaya fund

The NIRBHAYA Fund projects of Rs 7,000 crore, including setting up of 1,023 fast-track courts approved by the Modi government, Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. The 23-year-old Delhi gangrape victim, then Congress-led government had announced setting up Nirbhaya Fund of Rs 1,000 crore for safety and empowerment of women in the Budget presented in February 2013.

Justice Gulzar Ahmed sworn-in as 27th Pak Chief Justice

Justice Gulzar Ahmed appointed as the 27th Chief Justice of Pakistan. He takes over from Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, whose tenure came to an end after serving the country's top judge from January this year. The new Chief Justice will remain in office till February 21, 2022. President Arif Alvi administered the oath to Justice Ahmed.

Top Current Affairs 19 December 2019

Cyrus Mistry reinstated as Tata Sons’ Executive Chairman

Cyrus Mistry, who was ousted as the Chairman of Tata Sons, has been restored to the position by the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal. Mistry had been abruptly removed from the position in 2016 and former Chairman Ratan Tata was recalled on an interim basis. The move has shocked Tata Sons. The group can file an appeal against the decision within four weeks.

Jamia Violence: Delhi HC to take up plea against police crackdown on Jamia students

Delhi High Court recently agreed to hear plea against police atrocities on Jamia Milia Islamia University students. The plea seeks the setting up of a fact-finding committee to inquire police crackdown in Jamia following the violent protests against the CAA - Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019. The high court will be hearing the case on December 19, 2019. The bench will comprise Chief Justice DN Patel and Justice Rekha Palli.

National Broadband Mission: Govt aims broadband access to all villages by 2022

The government of India has launched National Broadband Mission (NBM) with an aim to provide an internet connection to all villages by 2022. The affiliated parties will invest Rs 7 lakh crore in the coming years. In rural areas, broadband access will be made available on a universal and equal basis. Union Minister of Communications Ravi Shankar Prasad inaugurated this mission. He said that govt aims to improve the quality of mobile and internet services through National Broadband Mission. He also said that technology infrastructure will be strengthened in the fields of education, health, entrepreneurship, and development through this mission.

Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik launches programme to supply safe drinking water

Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the 'Jalasathi' programme on December 18, 2019 with the aim to ensure supply of safe drinking water to all households in the state. The Odisha CM also launched the ‘JalSathi’ App on the occasion. During the launch, the Odisha CM reiterated the importance of clean drinking water to maintain good health. He also paid Rs 593 to clear the water cess dues of his residence Naveen Niwas and distributed water quality testing kits and POS (point of sale) machines to the 'Jalasathis'.

Top Current Affairs 17 December 2019

Supreme Court to hear pleas against police atrocities on Jamia, AMU students on December 17

The Supreme Court bench comprising Chief Justice S A Bobde and Justices B R Gavai and Surya Kant will soon be hearing pleas alleging police atrocities on Jamia, AMU students protesting against the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB). These students belonged to Delhi's Jamia Millia Islamia University and Aligarh Muslim University.

Jamaica's Toni-Ann Singh Crowned Miss World 2019, Suman Rao finishes third

Jamaica-based Toni Ann Singh became the Miss World 2019. The first and second runner-ups in the Miss World 2019 contest were Miss France Opélie Mezzino and Miss India Suman Rao, who holds the titles of Miss World Asia 2019 and Miss India 2019.

Lt General Manoj Mukund Naravane will be next Army chief

Lt Gen Manoj Mukund Naravane is going to become the next chief of the Indian Army. Lieutenant General Naravane is currently serving as the Vice Chief of the Army. Army Chief General Bipin Rawat is scheduled to retire on December 31, 2019. He took the responsibility of Vice Chief of Army Staff in September this year. Earlier, Lieutenant General Naravane was handling the responsibility of the Eastern Command of the Army. The Army's Eastern Command takes care of India's nearly 4,000-km border with China.

Top Current Affairs 16 December 2019

Lahore-Wagah shuttle train service resumed after 22 years

The shuttle train service between Lahore and Wagah railway station resumed its operation on 15 December after a gap of 22 years. The service was inaugurated by Pakistan Railways Minister Sheikh Rashid. The train service was operated till 1997. It was closed due to certain operational and security. Pakistan aims to start or revive the connection of Lahore metropolitan city with its suburbs through rail routes. Lahore-Wagah is the first step taken by the Pakistan government.

Ankur Garg is appointed as chief commercial officer of AirAsia India

AirAsia India appointed Ankur Garg as its chief commercial officer (CCO). The announcement was made by the company on 15 December. Before this appointment, Garg worked as the vice-president of revenue management at IndiGO. He quit the job recently. Ankur Garg will replace Mr. Sanjay Kumar, AirAsia India's Chief Operation Officer (COO). He will be in charge of areas such as marketing and sales, network and revenue management, and cargo.

Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 16 December

Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 16 December every year. The day aims to commemorate the victory of India over Pakistan in 1971. The day also a remembrance of the brave soldiers of India and Mukti Joddhas who sacrificed their lives for a noble cause.

Top Current Affairs 15 December 2019

PM led the first meeting of the National Ganga Council was held in Kanpur

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi chaired the first meeting of the National Ganga Council in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh on 14 December. Aim: The first meeting of the Council was aimed to reinforce the importance of a Ganga-centric approach in all departments of the concerned states and relevant Central Ministries.

Over 1,65,000 lakh farmers across India have been registered on e-NAM

Government said that over 1,65,000 lakh farmers across India have been registered on the National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) platform. The announcement was made by the Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Narendra Singh Tomar.

TV Somanathan is appointed as expenditure secretary in the finance ministry

The International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019 was passed by the Lok Sabha on December 11, 2019. The bill seeks to set up an authority to regulate the financial services market in India.

Nirmala Sitharaman ranks 34th in Forbes’ 100 Powerful Women of 2019

Nirmala Sitharaman’s name has been included in the list of top Forbes' 100 most Powerful Women List of 2019. She is India’s former Defence Minister and current Finance Minister. Sitharaman also surpassed Ivanka Trump, daughter of US President Donald Trump and Queen Elizabeth II in the list. Along with Sitharaman, Roshni Nadar Malhotra, CEO and Executive Director of HCL Corporation and Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, founder of Biocon, are included in the list. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has topped the Forbes 2019 'The World's 100 Most Powerful Women' list.

Top Current Affairs 14 December 2019

Boris Johnson wins a clear majority in UK elections 2019

British PM Boris Johnson won a clear majority in the UK elections 2019, clearing Britain’s path to exit the European Union in January 2020. One of the key campaign promises of PM Boris Johnson was Brexit. Johnson contested from the Conservative party of Britain. The Conservatives won 364 seats. A party needs a minimum 326 seats to win elections in the United Kingdom.

All review petitions against Ayodhya verdict dismissed by Supreme Court

The Supreme Court dismissed all the review petitions against the Ayodhya dispute. The five-judge Supreme Court bench comprising Chief Justice SA Bobde and Justices SA Nazeer, D Y Chandrachud, Sanjeev Khanna and Ashok Bhushan considered only those petitions that were filed by parties which filed lawsuits in the famous Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case.

Lok Sabha passes International Financial Services Bill, 2019

The International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019 was passed by the Lok Sabha on December 11, 2019. The bill seeks to set up an authority to regulate the financial services market in India.

Nirmala Sitharaman ranks 34th in Forbes’ 100 Powerful Women of 2019

Nirmala Sitharaman’s name has been included in the list of top Forbes' 100 most Powerful Women List of 2019. She is India’s former Defence Minister and current Finance Minister. Sitharaman also surpassed Ivanka Trump, daughter of US President Donald Trump and Queen Elizabeth II in the list. Along with Sitharaman, Roshni Nadar Malhotra, CEO and Executive Director of HCL Corporation and Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, founder of Biocon, are included in the list. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has topped the Forbes 2019 'The World's 100 Most Powerful Women' list.

Top Current Affairs 13 December 2019

Cabinet approves introduction of Aircraft (Amendment) Bill 2019

The Union Cabinet approved the introduction of Aircraft (Amendment) Bill 2019 in the Parliament to amend the Aircraft Act, 1934. The Bill proposes a penalty of a fine of up to Rs 1 crore in case of negligence in aircraft operation. Earlier, the penalty of maximum Rs. 10 lakh was imposed for such negligence. The Bills imposes a penalty on the person carrying arms, ammunition or dangerous goods that endanger the safety of the aircraft in any way.

AP cabinet approves Disha Act to provide harsher punishment for crimes against women, children

The Andhra Pradesh Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, also known as the Disha Act, was passed by the Andhra Pradesh cabinet recently for its enactment. The Act proposes harsh punishment for those who commit a crime against women. The legislation aims to protect women and children in Andhra Pradesh. One of the sections of the act calls for speedy trial of a case involving a heinous crime against women such as rape.

Parliament passes bill to extend SC-ST reservation quota in Lok Sabha, state assemblies.

The Parliament has passed the bill that proposes to extend the reservation quota for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies by another 10 years. The Constitution (126th) Amendment Bill was passed in the Rajya Sabha on December 12, 2019. The bill was passed in the upper house of the Parliament with 163 votes in favour and none against. The voting had taken place through division, as it was a constitution amendment bill. The Lok Sabha had passed the bill on December 10, 2019. The Constitution (126th) Amendment Bill will now be sent to the states for ratification by at least 50 per cent of the assemblies before it is brought into force.

Top Current Affairs 12 December 2019

Lok Sabha passes bill to extend SC-ST reservation quota in Lok Sabha, state assemblies

The Constitution (126th) Amendment Bill, which proposes to extend the reservation quota for the ST-SC community in legislatures for another 10 years, has been passed by the Lok Sabha. The bill does not include extension in the reservation quota of the Anglo-Indians.

Greta Thunberg named Time Person of the Year 2019

Climate change activist Greta Thunberg has been selected as 'Person of the Year' by 2019 magazine for the year 2019. Greta achieved this honour at the youngest age. She has been in discussion for her influential and aggressive speeches. Greta Thunberg also gave a speech at the United Nations Climate Action Summit this year. The speech was widely appreciated worldwide. Explain that Greta suffers from Asperger syndrome. Time Maganize said that she has managed to attract worldwide attention, changed millions of vague ideas, called for immediate change, and turned an idea into a global movement.

RISAT-2BR1 will boost India’s space-based surveillance capabilities.

RISAT-2BR1, the second satellite in the RISAT-2B series, was launched by ISRO aboard PSLV-C48. The earth observation satellite will boost India’s space-based surveillance capabilities. India now joins the elite group of countries that have the capability of garnering advance intelligence support from outer space.

Top Current Affairs 11 December 2019

Paramilitary Forces to use Khadi in Uniforms

Union Home Minister Amit Shah recently instructed the paramilitary personnel to wear Khadi uniforms. The heads of paramilitary forces were asked to allow the use of Make-in-India products like Khadi in the making of the uniforms. Once made ready, over 10 lakh soldiers would wear the Khadi uniforms. These soldiers would be from the Assam Rifles, Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG) and Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).

Finland’s Sanna Marin to become world’s youngest prime minister

Sanna Marin is set to be appointed as the Prime Minister of Finland. Upon her appointment, Marin would be the youngest-ever prime minister in the world and the third female head of a government in Finland.

South Asian Games 2019: India finishes with highest-ever medal tally of 312 medals

South Asian Games 2019: India concluded its campaign at the 13th edition of South Asian Games (SAG) with the highest-ever medal tally comprising 312 medals including 174 gold, 93 silver and 45 bronze medals. The host nation Nepal stands second with 206 medals and Sri Lanka at third position with 251 medals. Indian wrestlers were indomitable throughout the games, winning 15 gold medals. Indian swimmers also put up a great performance by winning the highest number of medals. The Indian swimming contingent won 52 medals overall, including 27 gold, 19 silver and 6 bronze medals.

Top Current Affairs 10 December 2019

Sanna Marin to become the world’s youngest prime minister

Sanna Marin will be the youngest-ever PM in the world. She is all set to take oath as the new Prime Minister of Finland. Her age is just 34-years. She has recently won the elections to head Finland’s coalition government.

Zozibini Tunzi crowned as Miss Universe-2019

South Africa’s Zozibini Tunzi became the Miss Universe of 2019 by defeating more than 90 contestants from all over the world including Miss India. Indian contestant Vartika Singh made it to the top 20 contestants. Miss Puerto Rico Madison Anderson was the first runner-up of the event. However, the second runner-up was Miss Mexico Ashley Alvidrez.

India-China Joint Military Exercise Begins in Meghalaya

A joint military exercise between India and China began at Umroi Cantonment, Meghalaya. It is an annual military exercise held under a United Nations mandate. It will be conducted between December 7 to December 20, 2019, with a theme against terrorism. About 130 soldiers of the Tibet Military Command (on behalf of China) and an equal number of Indian military personnel will participate. The exercise is planned at the company level, with the respective battalion headquarters.

Top Current Affairs 07 December 2019

Nirav Modi declared as a fugitive economic offender, second after Vijay Mallya

The court of Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) declares Nirav Modi a fugitive economic offender. Nirav Modi and Mehul Choksi are the prime accusers in Rs 13,570 crore Punjab National Bank (PNB) fraud case. Nirav is the second Indian businessman to be declared as an offender after Vijay Mallya who was accused in bank fraud of Rs. 9,000 crore.

Florence Nightingale Awards 2019 presented

The National Florence Nightingale Award 2019 was awarded to 36 nursing personnel for delivering quality healthcare and addressing several health challenges. The award was bestowed on the occasion of International Nurses Day by President Ram Nath Kovind.

Saudi Aramco announces world’s largest-ever IPO

Saudi oil giant Aramco has announced its initial public offering (IPO) at $25.6 billion, which is the world’s largest ever. The gulf nation’s state oil company made the announcement on December 5, 2019 Saudi Aramco has set a share price that will value its much-awaited IPO at $25.6 billion. The sum announced by the company is the largest ever, as it even surpassed the $25 billion raised by Chinese online retail giant Alibaba in 2014 when it entered Wall Street. The IPO, comprising 3 billion shares or 1.5 percent of the company, will be offered for 32 riyals ($ 8.00 to $8.53 per share). This would give the company a total valuation of $1.7 trillion.

Top Current Affairs 06 December 2019

MPs give up subsidy on food at Parliament Canteen to save Rs 15 crore annually

All the Members of Parliament (MPs) unanimously decided to give up the subsidy on the food they used to avail of at the canteen of Parliament. The move is expected to save around Rs 15 crore annually. From now onwards, the MPs will get food at normal rates in the Parliament. The decision came on the recommendation of the Business Advisory Committee.

Sundar Pichai: CEO of Alphabet

Google CEO Sundar Pichai has now been appointed as the CEO of Google's parent company Alphabet Inc. His appointment came after the resignations of Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin. While Larry Page resigned as the CEO of Alphabet, Brin resigned as the President. However, Page and Brin will continue as the Board of Directors.

PM Modi, Maldivian President jointly inaugurate four key development projects in Maldives

Maldivian President Ibrahim Mohammed Saleh and Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated four developmental projects through video conferencing in the Maldives. These projects are - Launch of RuPay card in the Maldives, Fish Processing plants, Fast Interceptor Craft to the Maldives and Lighting up of Male with LED lights.

Women help desks to be set from Nirbhaya Fund

Women help desks will be set up from the Nirbhaya Fund in all police stations across the country. The Union Home Ministry has sanctioned Rs 100 crore from the fund for setting up and strengthening of the women's help desks. The women help desks are being set up to make all police stations across the country more approachable and women-friendly. The help desks will be the first point of contact for any woman going to the police station to file a complaint. The women will no longer have to deal with the long interrogation sessions or face the ordeal of not being taken seriously at the male-dominated police stations. The women help desks will be the single point of contact for them.

Top Current Affairs 05 December 2019

Bob Willis: Former England Cricket Captain dies aged 70

Bob Willis was the former England captain and a fast bowler. He died of thyroid cancer on December 04, 2019 after a short illness. Willis will be always remembered for his superb performance in the 1981 Ashes Series. England won the series with a 2–0 score from Australia. He is most remembered for his performance on the grounds of Headingley. His sharp bowling brought England a resounding victory in the 1981 Ashes Series at this ground. BCCI President Sourav Ganguly and former Indian cricketer Mohammad Kaif also paid tribute to the death of Willis. Sourav Ganguly tweeted, “So sad at the news of bob Willis

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019

The Modi government has passed this bill in a cabinet meeting on December 04. Now, this bill will go to the Lok Sabha and then to the Rajya Sabha. Opposition parties are upset with some amendments in the bill and calling it anti-minority. There can be a fierce fight in the parliament between government and opposition parties like it has happened on Article 370 and Triple Talaq bills. Opposition parties have given a clear indication that it will not be easy for the government to pass the bill in Parliament.

Top Current Affairs 04 December 2019

Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf in India: Three MoUs signed to strengthen bilateral relations

The King of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia arrived in India on a five-day visit recently. He met Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Ram Nath Kovind during his visit. There was a discussion between PM Modi and King of Sweden to strengthen the relationship between both countries...

Government launches 4th round of air connectivity scheme

The Union Government has launched the fourth round of the regional connectivity scheme, UDAN to boost connectivity to more remote and regional areas of the country. UDAN, which stands for ‘Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik’, aims to make air travel affordable and widespread. The UDAN 4.0 will focus on the priority regions including the northeast, hilly states, Jammu and Kashmir UT, Ladakh and islands.

Parliament passes bill to merge Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli UTs

The Parliament has passed the bill to merge the union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The Rajya Sabha gave its approval to the bill on December 3, 2019. The Lok Sabha had passed it earlier on November 27. The Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019 proposes to merge the two union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu for better utilization of manpower, boost administrative efficiency, reduce expenditure and enable better monitoring and implementation of schemes.

Top Current Affairs 03 December 2019

Review petition filed against SC’s Ayodhya verdict

The Muslim body, Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind, has filed for review of the Supreme Court's landmark judgement on Ayodhya dispute. The Muslim body argued against the top court’s decision to give the entire disputed land to the Hindu parties. Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind observed that none of the Muslim parties had prayed for alternate land..

Haj 2020: India becomes first country to make entire Haj process digital

India has become the first nation in the world to digitize the Haj process. The digital system will include various services such as haj mobile app, e-visa, e-messiah health facility and stay information. The Indian government has linked all Haj Group organizers to the digital system.

Jnanpith Award 2019: Malayalam poet Akkitham bags 55th Jnanpith Award

Malayalam poet Akkitham Achuthan Namboodri has been named for the Jnanpith Award for literature. The award comprises Rs 11 lakh, a statue of Vagdevi, a citation and a memento. Akkitham is a popular poet, who has also written plays and novels.

Lok Sabha passes Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019

The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019, which seeks to amend the Income Tax Act 1961 was passed by the Lok Sabha on December 2, 2019. The bill will replace an ordinance promulgated by the President in September 2019 to reduce corporate tax rates. The bill will amend both the Income Tax Act 1961 and the Finance (No 2) Act 2019. The bill seeks to attract more investment in the manufacturing sector by bringing down corporate tax rates to 22 percent without incentives and 15 percent for new manufacturing entities

Agni-III ballistic missile failed in night test

Agni-III, a long-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile, has failed its first night test. The test was carried out at the Integrated Test Range at APJ Abdul Kalam Island near Odisha coast.

Top Current Affairs 30 November 2019

India pledges $400 million line of credit to Sri Lanka

ndia has announced a $400 million line of credit to Sri Lanka to help strengthen its economy. India also announced a $50million line of credit to the nation to fight against terrorism. Sri Lanka also announced that it will release all Indian boats in their custody.

Lok Sabha passes bill to regularise unauthorised colonies

The bill to regularise property of residents living in unauthorised colonies in the national capital has been passed by the Lok Sabha. Any resident who has the relevant documents for the property they are residing in including the latest power of attorney and other possession letter will be eligible to gain the right of ownership of the property.

Global temperature will rise 3.2 degree Celsius by 2100: UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2019

The UNEP Emissions Gap Report-2019 has warned that the average global temperature may rise by 3.2 degrees Celsius by 2021. The report highlights that the US, China, European Union and India are among the world’s top four greenhouse gas emitters. Get the report’s full details here.

Maharashtra Government Formation: Uddhav Thackeray takes oath as Maharashtra CM, six cabinet ministers sworn in

Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray took the oath as the 18th Chief Minister of Maharashtra on November 28, 2019. He has created history by becoming the first Thackeray family to hold the CM post. Thackeray assumed his duties as Maharashtra CM from November 29 and has called a special assembly session on November 30. Six cabinet ministers also took oath after Thackeray, two each from the three parties.

Top Current Affairs 29 November 2019

Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi to skip oath-taking ceremony

Uddhav Thackeray will take oath as the new Chief Minister of Maharashtra today. Six cabinet ministers will also be sworn in. The new CM will be conducting the first cabinet meeting at 8 pm, immediately after the swearing-in ceremony. NCP is likely to get Deputy CM’s post and Congress will get the speaker’s post.

Daman Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli Merger Bill Passed in Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha has approved a bill that proposes a merger of two Union Territories- Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The new union territory will be known as Dadara and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The main aim behind the move is to increase the administrative ease of the region and pave way for development.

Global temperature will rise 3.2 degree Celsius by 2100: UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2019

The latest UNEP Emissions Gap Report-2019 warns that the average temperature of the Earth may rise by 3.2 degrees Celsius by 2021. Despite all the scientific warnings and political commitments emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) couldn’t decrease globally. A report released prior to the United Nations Climate Conference COP-25 to be held in Spain from December 2 states that GHG emissions have increased by 1.5 per cent since the last decade. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have reached an all-time high figure of 55.3 gigatons.

Sports Ministry constitutes new committee to review draft of National Code for Good Governance in Sports

A 13-member expert panel has been constituted to review the draft National Code for Good Governance in Sports, 2017. The panel, chaired by Retired SC Justice Mukundakam Sharma, comprises prominent members including Baichung Bhutia, Pullela Gopichand, Gagan Narang and Anju Bobby George.

Top Current Affairs 28 November 2019

Union Cabinet extends term of 15th Finance Commission till October 2020

The term of the 15th Finance Commission has been extended toll October 30, 2020 so that it gets more time to prepare its final report with recommendations for the financial period starting from 2021 till 2026. The term extension was granted by cabinet chairing PM Narendra Modi.

Lok Sabha passes SPG (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Lok Sabha passed the Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on November 27, 2019. The SPG (Amendment) Bill, 2019 proposes to provide security to the Prime Minister and the members of his immediate family, who are residing with him at the official residence. The SPG bill also proposes to provide security to former prime ministers and their immediate family members residing with him at the official residence allotted to him for five years.

Donald Trump signs Hong Kong pro-democracy bill

US President Donald Trump signed a bill supporting protesters in Hong Kong on November 27, 2019. This bill has now become law after Trump's signature. This law highlights restrictions on the violation of human rights. Congress has also passed another bill which was also signed by Donald Trump. It bans the export of crowd control devices such as tear gas, pepper spray, rubber bullets and stone gun to Hong Kong Police. China had objected several times prior to Trump’s signature on this bill. According to the bill, the President of America will have to consider every year the preferred business status given to Hong Kong. Apart from this, the bill also says that if the freedom in Hong Kong is crushed, then the prestigious status from the US can also be withdrawn.

Top Current Affairs 27 November 2019

Parliament passes Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill

Despite opposition, the Transgender Bill 2019 has been passed by the Parliament. The Bill contains certain provisions that have been criticized by the transgender community such as acquiring an identity certificate from the District Magistrate. The bill was passed, however, with no amendments.

Devendra Fadnavis resigns as Maharashtra CM, BJP to sit in opposition

Devendra Fadnavis quit as Maharashtra CM after his deputy Ajit Pawar broke away from the government due to personal reasons. The Maharashtra CM announced that the BJP does not have enough numbers as it was relying on Pawar’s words that all 54 NCP MLAs had supported its government formation. The BJP would now sit in the opposition.

Shiv Sena-NCP-Congress stake claim to form government, Uddhav Thackeray to take oath on November 28

The Shiv Sena-NCP-Congress alliance staked claim to form government in Maharashtra on November 26, 2019 after Devendra Fadnavis-led BJP Government collapsed in the state. Fadnavis had announced his resignation after Deputy CM Ajit Pawar withdrew his support from the government. Uddhav Thackeray was chosen as the common CM nominee of the ‘Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi’ during a joint meeting of the Shiv Sena-NCP-Congress. NCP chief Jayant Patil had put forward the resolution proposing Thackeray's name as the next Maharashtra CM and it was seconded by Congress Maharashtra chief Balasaheb Thorat.

Top Current Affairs 26 November 2019

SC reserves order on NCP-Congress-Shiv Sena petition for Tuesday at 10.30 am

The Supreme Court is expected to deliver its judgment on the Maharashtra floor test tomorrow at 10.30. The top court had heard all the arguments and reserved its order on the petition filed by Shiv Sena-NCP and Congress combined. While the three parties requested an immediate floor test, the BJP has demanded for more time

Greta Thunberg wins International Children’s Peace Prize

Greta Thunberg has won the International Children's Peace Prize 2019 for her fight towards environmental protection. Thunberg had initiated ‘Fridays for Future’ campaign against climate change along with the school children across the world.

India's Lakshya Sen wins Scottish Open title

Indian shuttler Lakshya Sen has become the fourth Indian to win the Scottish Open title. Before him, only Pullela Gopichand, Anand Pawar and Arvind Bhatt have won the title. This is Sen’s fourth title since September 2019.

Maharashtra Floor test must be conducted by 5 pm on November 27: SC

The Supreme Court has ordered that the Maharashtra floor test must be conducted by 5 pm on November 27, 2019. The floor test will be conducted through open ballot and the entire proceedings will be recorded and telecasted live. Justice NV Ramana, while reading out the order, stated that constitutional morality needs to be promoted while finding a balance to opposing claims. He said that the issues need to be addressed at the interim stage itself. The top court further stated that in such a situation if the floor test is delayed, the possibility of horse trading increases. So, an immediate floor test might prove to be the most effective mechanism.

Top Current Affairs 24 November 2019

Devendra Fadnavis sworn in as Maharashtra CM, NCP’s Ajit Pawar deputy CM

BJP’s Devendra Fadnavis took oath as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra at 8 am in the morning on November 23, 2019. NCP’s Ajit Pawar took oath as the Deputy Chief Minister of the state. The BJP claims the support of all NCP legislators while forming the government in Maharashtra. The BJP stated that it will form a stable government in the state. The President’s rule was revoked at 5.47 am in the state by President Ram Nath Kovind. NCP’s Sharad Pawar has denied having any role in the maha coup. The NCP Chief tweeted saying that it was Ajit Pawar's personal decision to support the BJP and form the Maharashtra Government and not that of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). He said that he does not support or endorse this decision.

Lieutenant Shivangi, First Woman Pilot of Indian Navy, to be Join Naval Operations

The Indian Navy is going to get the first female pilot. Lieutenant Shivangi will join as the first female pilot on December 2, 2019. Shivangi will fly fixed-wing Dornier surveillance aircraft. She will be involved in Operation Duty in Kochi. Lieutenant Shivangi is from Muzaffarpur in Bihar. She has done her studies from DAV Public School. After completing school education, Lieutenant Shivangi did B.Tech from Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology.

Top Current Affairs 23 November 2019

Dalai Lama succession issue: US rejects China’s claims, urges UN to intervene

The United States has requested the United Nations to take up the issue of choosing the successor of the 14th Dalai Lama. The US rejected China’s claim to chose the successor stating that the Dalai Lama is a world-renowned spiritual figure and is respected deeply by people residing outside China as well

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill referred to select committee

The upper house of the Parliament has referred the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill to a select committee due to contentions over certain provisions of the bill, which require the couple seeking surrogacy to wait for at least 5 years and the surrogate mother to be a close relative.

Avian Botulism behind the death of 18,000 migratory birds at Sambhar Lake

Avian Botulism has been revealed as the reason behind the death of over 10,000 migratory birds at Sambhar Lake. Botulism bacteria are reported to produce a toxic substance that has led to the death of the migratory birds. The bacterium is suspected to spread in the body of birds through water or worms. The Avian Botulism is difficult to cure.

Top Current Affairs 22 November 2019

Manu Bhaker breaks junior world record, wins India’s first gold at 2019 ISSF World Cup

Manu Bhaker won India’s first gold at the ISS World Cup 2019 in women’s 10m Air Pistol event. She also became the second Indian to win gold in the 10m Air Pistol event at the ISS World Cup. With the feat, Manu Bhaker has booked her seat at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics

Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019 list: Satya Nadella grabs top spot

Satya Nadella has topped Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019. Overall, three Indian-origin people feature on the prestigious list including Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella, Master Card CEO Ajay Banga and Arista head Jayashree Ullal. While Nadella is ranked at the top, Ajay Banga is placed at the 8th position and Jayashree Ullal is ranked at the 18th position.

UP State Law Commission recommends seven-years of jail term for forced conversion

Uttar Pradesh (UP) State Law Commission has recommended in its draft that forced conversion in the state may attract a jail term of seven years. As per the recommendations, if someone is marrying for religious conversion, it can attract a jail term of seven years or marriage can also be considered illegal. The commission's secretary Sapna Tripathi said that the ‘Freedom of Religion (including the draft of the Bill) Uttar Pradesh Religious Freedom Bill 2019’ report has been given to the Chief Minister by the Commission.

Top Current Affairs 21 November 2019

NRC to cover all citizens of India: Home Minister Amit Shah

Union Home Minister Amit Shah announced in the Rajya Sabha on November 20, 2019 that the process of NRC will now be carried out in the entire country. The Home Minister said that no citizen of India will be left out of the NRC list, irrespective of their religion.

Parliament passes Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019

The Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been passed by the Parliament. The bill comprises a provision to amend the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial Act 1951. Under the bill’s provisions, the central government can remove the trustees before they complete their term.

Road Accidents in India: UP recorded the highest number of deaths, Tamil Nadu tops in number of accidents

As per the 'Road Accidents in India - 2018' report, the number of road accidents in India has increased by almost 0.46% in 2018. The death rate in India also increased to 2.37 during the period. The report also revealed that almost 15 percent of pedestrians lost their lives in road accidents.

Telangana MLA Ramesh Chennamaneni’s Citizenship cancelled for 'Concealing Facts'

The Union Home Ministry has cancelled the Indian citizenship of Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) MLA Ramesh Chennamaneni for concealing facts about his foreign tours. The MLA is alleged to have secretly taken German citizenship and not informed about it. The Home Ministry said in an order that he misled the Indian government by making false statements or hiding facts. According to the rules, it is mandatory for a person to stay in India for one year continuously before applying for Indian citizenship. MLA Chennamaneni is accused of manipulating the facts.

Top Current Affairs 20 November 2019

Haryana to set up new Foreign Cooperation department

Haryana has decided to set up a new department of Foreign Cooperation to promote investment in the state and promote the welfare of the local citizens in the state as well as the NRIs. The department will work alongside the Union Ministry of External Affairs.

David Attenborough conferred with Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace

The Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development 2019 has been awarded to renowned naturalist Sir David Attenborough. David Attenborough has been honoured with the award for his tireless efforts to highlight the need to protect and preserve the nature

ISRO to launch Cartosat-3, 13 commercial nano satellites from US

ISRO will be launching Cartosat-3 and 13 nano satellites from the US on November 25. Cartosat-3 is a high resolution imaging satellite, which will boost the country’s border security by stationing “more eyes in the sky”

India introduces new visa exemptions for foreigners seeking medical treatment

India has announced new visa exemptions for foreigners seeking medical treatment in India. The announcement was made by the Consulate General of India in Dubai following the implementation of a liberalised medical visa policy. Under the new visa exemptions, foreigners seeking medical treatment in India will not have to get their primary visa converted in a medical visa. This will be applicable for foreigners obtaining indoor treatment up to 180 days and seeking admission to a hospital due to illness.

J&K sets up administrative council under Lieutenant Governor GC Murmu

Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory has constituted an administrative council to fulfill the functions of a government. The Lieutenant Governor of J&K, G C Murmu has been appointed as the council’s chairman. The announcement was made through a government order issued by the General Administration Department on November 19, 2019. The order stated that the Chief Secretary of the UT will be the secretary to the Administrative Council, while the Lieutenant Governor’s advisers will be its members.

Top Current Affairs 19 November 2019

Government launches Bharatiya Poshan Krishi Kosh to tackle malnutrition

The Bharatiya Poshan Krishi Kosh was launched today by the WCD Minister Smriti Irani along with Microsoft c-founder Bill Gates. The Kosh aims to help tackle the challenge of malnutrition in India by encouraging the growth of nutritional crops.

All India Muslim Personal Law Board to file review petition on SC’s Ayodhya verdict

The All India Muslim Personal Law Board has decided to file a review petition against the Supreme Court’s landmark Ayodhya verdict on November 9, 2019. The All India Muslim Personal Law Board stated that under the Sharia law the mosque land cannot be given up just like that and a mosque cannot be built on any alternate land

Indian boxer Sarita Devi elected unopposed to AIBA athletes commission

Veteran Indian boxer Sarita Devi has been elected unopposed as a member of the AIBA Athletes Commission. She was the sole nominee from the Asian region. She is now among the six boxers who were elected from five different continents to be the members of the AIBA Athletes Commission.

Gotabaya Rajapaksa becomes President of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has got a new president in form of Gotabaya Rajapaksa, the brother of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa. The 70-year-old is considered as a ‘war hero’ by a majority of the Sinhalese Buddhists.

Top Current Affairs 17 November 2019

Pneumonia causes death of one child in every 39 seconds: UNICEF Report

The United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF) recently released a report on pneumonia. It was found in the report that more than 8 lakh children died due to pneumonia in the world in 2018. India was second after African country Nigeria in the death of children below five years of age from this disease. It killed 1,27,000 children in India last year. UNICEF said in the report that the disease is curable now and it is possible to prevent it, even though globally one child is killed every 39 seconds. Most of the children who died due to pneumonia were under two years of age.

Top Current Affairs 16 November 2019

Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s President, to be the chief guest at Republic Day 2020

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be the Chief Guest at the Republic Day 2020 celebrations in India. President Bolsonaro accepted the invitation of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, showing his agreement to broaden the strategic partnership between the two countries.

Gaganyaan: 12 potential astronauts selected for training in Russia

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has selected 12 members for India's first manned space mission 'Gaganyaan'. These 12 people belong to the Indian Air Force IAF and 7 of them are undergoing training in Russia. The remaining 5 selected people will undergo the training after the first batch of 7 people completes the service.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurates Sisseri River Bridge in Arunachal Pradesh

The Defence Minister of India Rajnath Singh inaugurated Sisseri River Bridge at Lower Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh. He called for strengthening border infrastructure as the top most priority of the present government. Sisseri River Bridge is a 200-metre long bridge between Jonai-Pasighat-Ranaghat-Roing road. This river bridge will provide better connectivity between Siang and Dibang Valley. It was actually a long-pending demand of the people of Arunachal Pradesh. Now, it would save the travel time from Pasighat to Roing by about five hours.

Top Current Affairs 15 November 2019

Supreme Court refers Sabarimala review petitions to larger 7-judge bench

The Supreme Court has referred the Sabarimala review petitions to a larger 7-judge bench. The verdict was delivered by 3:2 majority with three judges in favour including the CJI and Justices AM Khanwilkar and Indu Malhotra and two Judges in dissent. Justices DY Chandrachud and RF Nariman gave their dissent to the decision saying that when a judgment is declared, it is final

Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s President, to be chief guest at Republic Day 2020

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be the chief guest at India's Republic Day celebrations in January 2020. The Brazilian President agreed to the same during his bilateral talks with PM Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the BRICS Summit 2019

Chandrayaan-3: ISRO’s another bid to land on Moon

ISRO plans to send yet another mission to the moon, Chandrayaan-3. The moon mission is expected to comprise just a lander and a rover, as the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter is functioning perfectly. ISRO is expected to begin work on the programme by November 2020.

11th BRICS summit 2019: PM Modi held bilateral talks with Russia and China

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who visited Brazil to attend the 11th BRICS Summit, met Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in the capital Brasilia and discussed on various issues. The BRICS summit 2019 theme is 'Economic Growth for an Innovative Future'. The five BRICS nations account for almost 50 percent of the world's economic growth. The BRICS bloc comprises five major developing economies including Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

Top Current Affairs 14 November 2019

Supreme Court upholds disqualification of 17 Karnataka MLAs, allows them to contest by-polls

The Supreme Court has upheld former Karnataka Speaker’s decision to disqualify the 17 rebel MLAs of the Congress and JD(S) in Karnataka. The court has, however, allowed then to contest elections. The MLAs were disqualified by the then Legislative Assembly KR Ramesh Kumar ahead of the floor test of the HD Kumaraswamy government.

Chief Justice of India's office comes under RTI Act: Supreme Court

The Supreme Court, in a historic ruling, directed that the office of Chief Justice will now come under the Right to Information Act. Earlier the CJI office was kept out of the purview of the RTI act. The Supreme Court stated that the CJI office was a public authority and that its secrecy will remain intact during RTI filing.

Supreme Court dismisses Rafale review petitions

The Supreme Court has dismissed all review petitions filed against its previous judgement on the Rafale deal. The Supreme Court had on December 14, 2018 declined to order an independent probe to look into the corruption allegations in the central government's Rafale deal. The judgement was delivered by an SC bench comprising outgoing CJI Ranjan Gogoi and Justices S K Kaul and K M Joseph. The Supreme Court observed that the review petitions lacked merit. The review petitions were filed by Prashant Bhushan, Yashwant Sinha and Arun Shourie. The Supreme Court had reserved its order on the review petitions on May 10, ahead of the apex court's summer break. The petitioners had filed the review petitions based on certain leaked documents by the media and argued that the government had withheld some material information from the court regarding its Rafale deal with France's Dassault Aviation. The SC bench had on April 10 rejected the centre's objections against the examination of the documents. Attorney General KK Venugopal, representing the government, had argued then that the documents were obtained without authorization and so, it violated the Official Secrets Act. The Supreme Court, however, rejected the objections saying that the illegality of obtaining the documents did not affect their examination by the court if they were relevant for the hearing.

Top Current Affairs 13 November 2019

Former president Evo Morales granted asylum by Mexico

Mexico has granted asylum to Bolivia's former President Evo Morales in the country. Morales resigned on November 10 amid mounting pressure from the military and the public following allegations of manipulation of election results. Mexico government said that the asylum was granted on humanitarian grounds because the life of Evo Morales in Bolivia was threatened. Evo Morales had to resign from the post of president due to fierce protests against him after the controversial presidential election. He left Bolivia on a Mexican Air Force plane. Mexico's President Andres Manuel López Obrador also supported him to resign. He said that Morales' bold move prevented the crisis in Bolivia.

President's Rule imposed in Maharashtra as all parties failed to prove majority

President's rule was imposed in Maharashtra on November 12 amidst the deadlock over government formation since last month's assembly elections. Earlier, the Union Cabinet recommended President's rule in the state on the report of Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari. President's rule has been imposed for 6 months, however, if any party proves the majority during this period, a government can be formed. The Governor said in his report that as per the present situation in the state that a permanent government is not possible even 15 days after the election results have declared. The governor said that all efforts have been made to form the government, but he sees no possibility of a permanent government in Maharashtra. Earlier, Shiv Sena on November 11 claimed that the NCP and the Congress will make an alliance with them to form a government without BJP in Maharashtra. However, Shiv Sena could not prove its majority despite the extended deadline.

Top Current Affairs 12 November 2019

Yuzvendra Chahal beats Bumrah, Ashwin to become fastest Indian to take 50 T20I wickets

Yuzvendra Chahal has become the fastest Indian bowler to take 50 T20I wickets, surpassing Jasprit Bumrah and R Ashwin. Chahal reached the feat in 34 innings, while Bumrah achieved it in 42 innings and Ashwin achieved in 46 innings.

Governor invites Shiv Sena to form government, after BJP refuses to accept offer

The question on who will form the government in Maharashtra is still looming large, as the BJP refused the accept the Maharashtra Governor’s offer to form the government in the state. The Governor has now turned to Shiv Sena.

TN Seshan, former Chief Election Commissioner, passes away

Former Chief Election Commissioner, TN Seshan passed away on November 10, 2019. He had played a huge role in bringing educational reforms in India during the 1990s.

Top Current Affairs 10 November 2019

Ayodhya Verdict Explained: Ram Mandir to be built; Hindus get Disputed Land; Alternate land for Muslims

Ayodhya Verdict on Ram Janmabhoomi Babri Masjid land dispute has been pronounced by the Supreme Court of India. As per the verdict, Hindus get the disputed Ayodhya Land; and Muslims to get an alternate land. The Supreme Court judgement has paved the way for the construction of Ram Mandir on the land which was long disputed and was claimed by five different parties. The verdict comes after 9 years of Allahabad High Court Judgement, wherein, it divided the land among three parties - Ram Lalla, Sunni Waqf Board and the Nirmohi Akhara. However, the Supreme Court has now scrapped the high court ruling by giving the complete disputed land to Hindus and rejecting the claim of Waqf Board and Nirmohi akhara. Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi began the judgement after observing the developments in the Ayodhya land dispute case so far. The CJI observed that the ASI Report clearly depicts that Babri Masjid was not built on vacant land; this land was not of Islamic origin. Check here the complete ruling of the Supreme Court on Ayodhya Land dispute case along that is explained in the easy language below. Know what falls in the pocket of Ram Lalla/Muslims/Waqf Board/Others.

Kartarpur Corridor: PM Modi dedicates corridor to the public, flags off first batch of devotees

Kartarpur Corridor Inauguration: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated Kartarpur Corridor and flagged off first batch of devotees to the Kartarpur Sahib. A batch of 575 devotees from India is visiting Kartarpur Sahib for the first time after partition held in 1947. This batch includes former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, Chief Minister of Punjab Captain Amarinder Singh, besides MPs, Ministers, MLAs and one representative from each state of the country. Earlier, Prime Minister Modi visited Ber Sahib Gurudwara at Sultanpur Lodhi, Punjab. He said that he thanked Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan for opening the way to visit Kartarpur Sahib. He also expresses gratitude to the workers of India and Pakistan who took the construction of the corridor round the clock. PM Modi also released a coin of 550 rupees prepared in memory of Guru Nanak along with five postal stamps.

Top Current Affairs 08 November 2019

Kalapani Territorial Dispute: Origin, history, significance, territory map, Nepal's objection

Kalapani inclusion in the new political map of India became an issue of contention between India and Nepal. The Nepal government has raised objections to India’s move and claimed that the Kalapani territory is located in far-west of Nepal. As per India's new political map, Kalapani is shown as a part of Indian Territory.

Haryana, Punjab MLAs create history by jointly attending assembly session after 5 decades

The MLAs of Punjab and Haryana came together for the first time in 5 decades to attend a special assembly session in Chandigarh on November 6, 2019. The session was organised to mark the 550th birth anniversary of Sikh Guru - Guru Nanak Dev. Haryana Assembly MLAs attended the special session following the invitation of Punjab Assembly Speaker Rana K P Singh.

Rohit Sharma: Register new records during India vs Bangladesh 2nd T20I

Rohit Sharma has achieved another feat during India vs Bangladesh 2nd T20I match. He gave an important victory gift in his 100th T20 International match at Saurashtra Cricket Stadium in Rajkot. India defeated Bangladesh by eight wickets thanks to Rohit's 85 runs. Rohit Sharma has also made many records during the match. Rohit Sharma became the first Indian cricketer to play 100 T20 International cricket matches. Rohit achieved this feat while leading the team during the second T20 International against Bangladesh at Rajkot.

Gujarat anti-terror bill gets president’s nod, know provisions and controversial aspects

President Ram Nath Kovind recently approved the 'Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organized Crime Bill'. Under this Gujarat anti-terror bill, the investigating agencies can record phone calls as evidence and present it in the court. As per the bill, any act that disrupts law and order or integrity and security of the state will be regarded as an act of terrorism.

Top Current Affairs 07 November 2019

Global Climate Emergency: A joint declaration by 11,258 scientists of 153 countries

Global Climate Emergency: More than 11,000 scientists from 153 countries have declared a climate emergency recently. On the other hand, the US has made a formal announcement to withdraw its membership from the Paris Agreement. These scientists have warned that if timely steps are not taken to protect the planet, 'untold suffering' will emerge. According to a report published in BioScience Journal 11,258 signatories, including 69 from India, declared a climate emergency and provided a set of effective mitigating actions. Scientists claimed that this joint declaration is a result of scientific analysis of more than 40 years of research. The study was published by environmentalist William J Ripple of Oregon State University and Christopher Wolf of Oregon State University. Researchers from Australia and South Africa were also involved in this. It clearly states the emission of greenhouse gases is a big challenge.

China is world’s worst abuser of internet freedom: Freedom on Net 2019 report

China was ranked as the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom for the fourth consecutive year and Pakistan was declared as 'not free’ in terms of internet freedom status for the ninth consecutive year in the Freedom on the Net (FoTN) report 2019. The Freedom on the Net report 2019 titled ‘The Crisis of Social Media’ was released by an international internet watchdog, the Freedom House on November 5, 2019. The report recorded an overall decline in global internet freedom status between July 2018 and May 2019.

Sudan’s first-ever satellite ‘SRSS-1’ launched by China

Rafael Nadal has yet again become the world’s top tennis player. He was ranked at the first position in the latest ATP Rankings 2019. Novak Djokovic, who held the position till now, was pushed to the second rank. Another tennis great, Roger Federer is ranked at the third position.

Nuclear Facility: Iran to start injecting uranium gas, another break from nuclear deal

Iran has announced that it will start injecting uranium gas into 1,044 centrifuges. This is violation to its nuclear agreement with the United States and the European member states.

Top Current Affairs 06 November 2019

NASA's Voyager-2 reaches interstellar space

NASA or The National Aeronautics and Space Administration has added another feather in its cap as its Voyager 2 spacecraft has reached interstellar space. NASA's Voyager-2 has become the second spacecraft which has reached outside the periphery of the solar system. It has completed a long journey of over four decades to reach here. Earlier, only Voyager-1 of NASA reached near interstellar space. Voyager-2 is a second human-made object to touch solar periphery out of the Sun's influence. According to researchers from the US University of Iowa, Voyager-2 has reached interstellar medium (ISM). According to the study published in the science journal Nature Astronomy, Voyager-2 entered ISM on November 5, 2019.

Virat Kohli's record broken, Shubman Gill creates history

Shubman Gill has created history by becoming the youngest player to captain India-C team in Deodhar Trophy final. Gill surpassed Virat Kohli, who held the record previously for 10 years.

Bihar Govt bans vehicles older than 15 years in Patna

Bihar Government has banned the usage of government vehicles older than 15 years to combat air pollution in the state. The government has also banned all commercial vehicles older than 15 years from plying in Patna. The government has also directed all private vehicles to undergo pollution checks.

Rafael Nadal No.1, India's Prajnesh Gunneswaran on 94th

Rafael Nadal has yet again become the world’s top tennis player. He was ranked at the first position in the latest ATP Rankings 2019. Novak Djokovic, who held the position till now, was pushed to the second rank. Another tennis great, Roger Federer is ranked at the third position.

Top Current Affairs 05 November 2019

Paris Climate Agreement: US formally notifies UN about its withdrawal from climate accord

The United States formally informed the United Nations about its intention to withdraw from the Paris Climate agreement on November 4, 2019. The announcement of the US exit from the deal was made by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Mike Pompeo stated that the agreement had imposed an unfair economic burden on the US. He said that the US was proud of its record as a world leader in reducing all emissions. He further stated that the US has successfully fostered resilience and grown its economy and ensured energy for its citizens. He said that the US follows a more realistic model. The formal notification has initiated a year-long withdrawal process of the US from the global climate agreement. The United States will properly exit the climate deal a day after the US Presidential Elections 2020.

SC expresses alarm, bans construction, demolition activities, power cuts in Delhi/NCR

The Supreme Court expressing alarm on severe air pollution level in Delhi-NCR directed an immediate halt to stubble burning in Punjab, Haryana, and UP and banned all construction and demolition activities in Delhi-NCR till further orders. Supreme Court Judge Arun Mishra stated that Delhi is choking every year and we are not able to do anything. “Farmers cannot kill others for their own livelihood. We have no sympathy for farmers if they keep burning crops,” said Justice Mishra with grave concern and added saying, “this cannot happen in a civilised country. The right to life is the most important. We want to burn our crop and let others die' we can't live like this.”

Odd-Even rule in Delhi 2019

The odd-even scheme was launched by the Delhi Government on November 4 to combat the hazardous smog that has enveloped the national capital. The scheme has been launched for 12 days from November 4-15, 2019. The first day of the odd-even rule reportedly resulted in a major dip in the air pollution levels in Delhi. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) data showed that the odd-even scheme teamed up with high wind speed brought down the air pollution in Delhi by almost 82 percent. Both PM10 and PM2.5 levels fell drastically by 6 pm on November 4.

Top Current Affairs 04 November 2019

India, Uzbekistan sign three agreements to enhance military ties

India has signed three important agreements with Uzbekistan to enhance cooperation in military ties. The memorandums of understanding (MoU) were signed after a high-level delegation meet between the two nations. The agreements were signed on the sidelines of the Council of Heads and Governments (CHGs) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. The meeting was held between Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and the Defence Minister of Uzbekistan, Major General Bakhodir Nizamovich Kurbanov on November 2, 2019.

Government to set up women help desks, anti-human trafficking units using Nirbhaya Fund

Government will be setting up women help desks in all police stations and anti-human trafficking units in all districts across India using the NIRBHAYA Fund. The announcement was made by Union Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. Irani said that the initiative is an example of interdepartmental cooperation leading to effective governance. This is the first-ever initiative to be implemented using NIRBHAYA Fund. The move aims at addressing the safety issues of women and children.

Top Current Affairs 03 November 2019

Rajinikanth to be awarded Icon of Golden Jubilee, French actor to receive Lifetime Achievement award at IFFI

Rajinikanth and French actress Isabelle Hupert will be honoured with the special Icon award and the Lifetime achievement award respectively at the Golden Jubilee of International Film Festival of India.

India, US to increase cooperation in tackling money-laundering

India and the United States have decided to cooperate in tackling money laundering and combat terrorism financing. The 7th meeting of the Economic and Financial Partnership (EFP) also involved an agreement to support the designation of specific terrorist facilitators and financiers.

New Map of India: Govt releases new political map with UTs of J&K, Ladakh

The government has released a new political map of India after the reorganization of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. These two new union territories of India duly came into existence on 31 October 2019. On 02 November 2019, the map of both the new union territories was released. According to the new map, Mirpur and Muzaffarabad districts of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) have been described as part of Jammu and Kashmir. There will be a total of 22 districts in Jammu and Kashmir regarding these two districts.

Top Current Affairs 02 November 2019

COP 25: Spain to host UN Climate Change conference after Chile backs out

Spain will be hosting the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25) from December 2-13 in IFEMA - Feria de Madrid in Madrid, Spain. The announcement was made by UN Climate Change Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa. Spain had offered to host COP25 in Madrid on the same dates as the original schedule after Chile decided to pull out from hosting the event due to the ongoing national unrest against the Government of Chile. Chile had informed its decision of not hosting the COP25 event in the view of the unrest in the country to UNFCCC on October 30, 2019. In an official statement, President of Chile Sebastian Pinera said that the decision had caused him pain but his government was required to prioritize re-establishing law and order in the nation.

India, Germany sign 17 MoUs, five joint declarations exchanged

India and Germany signed 17 MoUs in areas including migration, Ayurveda and yoga, occupational diseases, maritime technology and start-ups during German Chancellor Angela Merkel's two-day visit to India from October 31- November 2, 2019. The two nations also exchanged five joint declarations of intent which included cooperation on strategic projects, partnership for green urban mobility, development of AI and cooperation to prevent marine litter.

Top Current Affairs 23 October 2019

IAF successfully test-fires two BrahMos surface-to-surface missiles

The Indian Air Force has successfully carried out the test-firing of two BrahMos surface-to-surface missiles. The missiles were launched from a mobile platform at Trak Island in the Andaman Nicobar islands. The twin launches were carried out as a part of the Indian Air Force’s routine operational training. The missiles were fired on October 21 and October 22. This was confirmed by officials. The test-firing aimed to check the IAF’s capability of hitting targets with pinpoint accuracy. The targets were at a distance of 300 km.

NCRB Report: Uttar Pradesh tops the list in crimes against women in country

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released the figures of crimes against women in India during 2017-18. In total, around 50 lakh criminal cases were recorded during the period, out of which the state of Uttar Pradesh accounts for almost 10.1 percent of the crimes. Maharashtra is second on the list with 31,979 cases of crime against women.

Government employees of J&K, Ladakh to get allowances as per 7th Pay Commission

The Union Home Ministry recently approved a proposal to grant all 7th CPC allowances to the government employees of the Union territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. The two UTs will come into existence on October 31, 2019.

UN launches 'Feed Our Future' cinema ad campaign in India

The United Nations (UN) World Food Program (WFP) has joined hands with Bollywood in India to create awareness and take steps against hunger and malnutrition in India. UNWFP has launched the 'Feed Our Future' campaign in association with the help of Bollywood. The ad campaign ‘Feed our Future’ has launched in collaboration with UFO Movies which is India’s one of the largest in-cinema advertising platform. UNWFP believes that this ad campaign will help them to spread the message of zero hunger among Indians.

Top Current Affairs 22 October 2019

Rohit Sharma creates new Test record, surpasses Australia’s Don Bradman

Rohit Sharma has created a new record in test cricket. Sharma broke Australian cricketer Don Bradman's record of highest average in Test cricket on home soil during the Day 2 of India’s third test against South Africa at JSCA International Stadium Complex, Ranchi on October 20, 2019. Rohit Sharma scored 212 runs during India’s first innings in the third test. This is his first double hundred in Test cricket. With the score, Sharma recorded an average of 99.84 on home soil, which is higher than Don Bradman’s average of 98.22 on home soil in test cricket.

Assembly elections 2019: Polling begins in Maharashtra, Haryana

Assembly elections 2019: The polling has begun for assembly elections in Maharashtra and Haryana. The voting began at 7 am on October 21, 2019. Polling is also being held for 51 assembly seats and two Lok Sabha constituencies. The polling will be held till 6 pm in the evening. In Maharashtra assembly elections 2019, 3,237 candidates are contesting across 288 seats. The main alliances that will face off against each other include the BJP-Shiv Sena and the Congress-NCP alliance. In the Haryana assembly elections 2019, 1,169 candidates are contesting for 90 assembly seats. The main parties in the state include the BJP, Congress and Indian National Lok Dal. Both the states are BJP-ruled currently.

Top Current Affairs 21 October 2019

Nuclear Energy Conclave 2019 held in New Delhi

India Energy Forum organized 11th Nuclear Energy Conclave (NEC) in New Delhi. NEC-2019 was focused on economical importance of Nuclear Energy and its theme was - Economics of Nuclear Power- Innovation towards Safer & Cost-Effective Technologies. Minister of State for Atomic Energy, Dr. Jitender Singh, said on this occasion that various nuclear plants are being established in India. Earlier, nuclear plants were restricted in southern India only but now an Atomic plant has been established in Gorakhpur in Haryana.

First all-female spacewalk: Christina Koch & Jessica Meir made history; fixed broken part of ISS

NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir recorded history on October 18, 2019 by completing the first all-female spacewalk. Koch and Meir did this to fix a broken part of the International Space Station (ISS). They walked out to replace a power controller of the ISS that got damaged last week. Koch and Meir fixed the damaged part by using wrenches, screwdrivers and power-grip tools. No man was involved in this mission, termed as the Extravehicular Activity (EVA). Koch was first to move out of the ISS and Meir came after with a tool bag. Initially, the mission was scheduled for 5.5 hours, however, it stretched up to 7 hours due to some additional tasks. While Meir made her debut in spacewalking through this mission, it was the 4th spacewalk for Koch. Meir is a marine biologist and Koch is an electrical engineer. Both of them are the members of NASA's Astronaut Class of 2013, the only group that has an equal number of men & women.

Top Current Affairs 19 October 2019

Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Council abolished; reduced to Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh

ammu & Kashmir Legislative Council got abolished on October 18, 2019 under Section 57 of the J&K Reorganisation Bill, 2019. With this, the J&K state has now been reduced to two Union Territories - Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. J&K and Ladakh will now be UTs from November 1, 2019. The J&K Reorganisation Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament in August 2019. The staff members of the J&K Council need to report to the General Administration Department (GAD) by October 22, 2019. On the other hand, the Council Secretary has been asked to transfer all records regarding the Council Secretariat to the Department of Law under the Justice and Parliamentary Affairs.

Malnutrition causes 69% of children’s death in India: UNICEF Report

The ‘State of the World’s Children’ Report 2019 of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) states that Malnutrition causes around 69 per cent of children’s death in India. As per the report, 149 million children of under 5 age were stunted and around 50 million children were wasted in 2018. The report also throws light on the health of Indian women. It says that every second Indian woman is suffering from anaemia.

Turkey agrees to Syria Ceasefire; Trump hails move as Great Day for Civilization

US Vice President Mike Pence announced that Turkey agrees to Syria Ceasefire, a move hailed by the US President Donald Trump calling it a “Great Day for Civilization”. Turkey's decision on ceasefire came as a reply to President Trump's letter, wherein the latter is seen warning Turkish President Erdogan against invasion of Northeast Syria.

Mark Hurd, CEO of Oracle, passes away at 62

Mark Hurd, co-CEO of Oracle, passed away on October 18, 2019, at the age of 62. He had been on the medical leave since last month and suffering from some health issues. Oracle President Larry Ellison said that Oracle had lost a brilliant and beloved leader, he personally taught so much to many people during his decade at the company.

Top Current Affairs 18 October 2019

UAE announces world’s first graduate-level research-based AI University

United Arab Emirates (UAE) recently announced to establish world’s first graduate-level AI university which will be named as "Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence (MBZUAI)". The name has been kept in honour of Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. The University will be research-based and will help students and government to excel in the field of artificial intelligence (AI).

International Poverty Eradication Day 2019

The International Day of Poverty Eradication was observed globally on October 17, 2019 with an aim to spread awareness about the efforts undertaken internationally to eradicate poverty. The theme of this year's day was "Acting together to empower children, their families and communities to end poverty."

IAF and Royal Air Force of Oman begins Joint Exercise 'Ex-Eastern Bridge-V'

Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) started participating in a bilateral joint exercise named Ex-Eastern Bridge-V. The joint exercise will be held at Air Force Base Masirah in Oman. Earlier in 2017, the exercise Ex-Eastern Bridge-IV was held at Jamnagar, India. Indian Air Force and Royal Air Force of Oman will also promote the exchange of experience, operational knowledge and professional interaction during the participation in a joint exercise. The Ex-Eastern Bridge-V joint exercise will conclude on October 26, 2019.

Top Current Affairs 17 October 2019

Donald Trump's leaked letter to Turkish Prez Erdogan, says Don’t be a tough guy. Don’t be a fool

US President Donald Trump warns Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to not to be a "tough guy" or "fool" over the latter's move to launch incursion into Northeast Syria. Trump made the statement in a White House letter addressed to Erdogan which was sent to him on October 9, 2019, the day Turkey invaded the Northeast Syria. It was written just three days following the Trump's order to withdraw US troops from northern Syria. The letter, revealed by Fox Business’s Trish Regan, drew attention for its blunt and undiplomatic language. The letter begins with “Let’s work out a good deal!", seeming that President Trump is trying to convince Erdogan to make a deal with Kurds and stop invasion into Northeast Syria.

Global Hunger Index 2019: India at 102 out of 117 countries, falls behind Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan

Global Hunger Index 2019 Report: India ranked 102 out of 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019 that is placed at much below to its South Asian neighbours such as Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan. The GHI report pointed out that "India is suffering from a serious hunger problem". The Global Hunger Index measures countries on a 100 points scale, where a score of 0 (zero) is considered as best performing countries and 100 is the worst. The Global Hunger Index report, prepared and published jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organization Welt Hunger Hilfewas, calculated on the basis of four indicators that are - child mortality, undernourishment, child wasting (weight for age) and child stunting. The major focus of the index was on the relation between climate change and hunger. The report also explains the impact of extreme weather on food production and food security.

Pakistan in FATF Grey List till February 2020

Financial Action Task Force on October 16, 2019, decides to keep Pakistan on its ‘Grey List’ till February 2020. FATF directs Pakistan to take extra strict measures to eliminate terror funding and money laundering. The final decision in this regard will be taken by the FATF in February 2020. Pakistan was added to the FATF's ‘grey list’ on June 27, 2018. The list contains the names of countries that are involved in providing monetary assistance to terrorism and related causes. The decision was taken during the FATF meeting on Money Laundering in Paris. At the FATF talks in Paris, a delegation led by Dr. Shamshad Akhtar, Pakistani Interim Minister for Finance and Planning, apprised the FATF of steps taken by Pakistan to curb terror financing and money laundering, pleading removal of Pakistan's name from FATF grey list.

Top Current Affairs 16 October 2019

India wins four 2019 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation

UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation announced recently where Indian bagged four awards in three categories. India’s Flora Fountain and three other landmarks in Mumbai are among the four sites that have been chosen from India. UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation were declared at a function held in Malaysia. Award of Merit has given to Keneseth Eliyahoo Synagogue and Our Lady of Glory Church. Award of Distinction has given to Vikram Sarabhai Library, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India.

ICC alter super over rules, boundary count scrapped

The International Cricket Council (ICC) has changed the rules of the ‘Super Over’ for all the major tournaments. As per the new rule, if both the playing teams make equal runs in the semi-finals and the finals even in the super over, then the super over will happen again. This process will continue until one of the teams emerges as the winner.

US sanctions on Turkey: Penalties imposed on Turkish officials to stop invasion into Syria

US sanctions on Turkey: The United States has once again imposed sanctions on Turkish officials over their invasion into Northeast Syria. US Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin and Vice President Mike Pence made an announcement regarding the same on October 14, 2019. Later, US President Donald Trump himself shared the Statement on his official Twitter handle regarding the sanctions imposed on Turkey over its actions in Northeast Syria, the areas that are held by Kurdish allies of the US. The US has imposed penalties on three Turkish Ministers, the Turkish department of defence and the ministry of energy. The sanctions call for an immediate ceasefire with Turkey’s further incursion into Syria. President Trump has signed an executive order directing Vice President Mike Pence to lead a delegation to Turkey for negotiations the Turks and Kurds. Moreover, apart from imposing sanctions and calling for a ceasefire, the President also increased steel tariffs and cancelled the negotiations over a trade deal with Turkey worth USD 100 billion. Have a look at the key highlights of the sanctions imposed on Turkey and its officials by the US President Trump

Top Current Affairs 15 October 2019

International Day of Rural Women 2019

International Rural Women's Day is observed on 15 October every year across the globe. This day emphasize on a factor that the world’s sustainable future is not possible without rural women and girls. Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu appealed to the world community to give the highest priority to empowering women. United Nations and other UN entities believe this great need to empower rural women and girls in the context of climate change. The Secretary-General Report of 2019 was focused on improving the situation of women and girls in rural areas that highlights the importance of empowerment of rural women.

APJ Abdul Kalam’s Birth Anniversary

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in humble family background. Due to his work in the field of Scinece and Technology and space science, he was known as 'Missile Man' of India. Today on 15 October 2019 whole of the country is celebrating APJ Abdul Kalam’s 88th birth anniversary. On this day Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Amit Shah and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh remembered him and called a great son of India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted, "Humble tribute to Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Ji on his birth anniversary. He dreamed of a capable India of the 21st century and made his own special contributions in this direction. His ideal life will always inspire the people of India."

US sanctions on Turkey: Penalties imposed on Turkish officials to stop invasion into Syria

US sanctions on Turkey: The United States has once again imposed sanctions on Turkish officials over their invasion into Northeast Syria. US Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin and Vice President Mike Pence made an announcement regarding the same on October 14, 2019. Later, US President Donald Trump himself shared the Statement on his official Twitter handle regarding the sanctions imposed on Turkey over its actions in Northeast Syria, the areas that are held by Kurdish allies of the US. The US has imposed penalties on three Turkish Ministers, the Turkish department of defence and the ministry of energy. The sanctions call for an immediate ceasefire with Turkey’s further incursion into Syria. President Trump has signed an executive order directing Vice President Mike Pence to lead a delegation to Turkey for negotiations the Turks and Kurds. Moreover, apart from imposing sanctions and calling for a ceasefire, the President also increased steel tariffs and cancelled the negotiations over a trade deal with Turkey worth USD 100 billion. Have a look at the key highlights of the sanctions imposed on Turkey and its officials by the US President Trump

Sourav Ganguly all set to become BCCI President

Sourav Ganguly, the former Captain of the Indian cricket team, is all set to be appointed as the President of the BCCI, unopposed. On the other hand, Jay Shah and Arun Singh Dhumal might join Ganguly as BCCI's Secretary and Treasurer, respectively. Prior to this, Ganguly was serving as the President of the Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB).

Top Current Affairs 14 October 2019

PM Modi Becomes Most Followed Global Leader on Instagram

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has become the world’s most-followed leader on Instagram with more than 30 million followers. Now, he has topped the list of world leaders with the most followers in the world. He has left behind all the celebrities and world leaders in terms of Instagram followers. The Indonesian President Joko Widodo comes second on photo-sharing app Instagram with 25.6 million followers. Former US President Barack Obama appears in the third position with 24.8 million followers on Instagram app owned by Facebook.

Nun Mariam Thresia receives title of 'Saint' 93 years after her death

Nun Mariam Thresia: Pope Francis declared Kerala's Nun Mariam Thresia a saint 93 years after her death. Pope Francis elevated her to sainthood in a grand ceremony at Vatican City. Along with sister Thresia, Cardinal John Henry Neumann of Britain, Swiss Levuman Marguerite Bess, Sister Dulce Lopes of Brazil and Sister Giuseppina Vannini of Italy were also declared saints. Sister Mariam dedicated herself to God at the age of 8 and started fasting and praying. Since childhood, her friends started calling her saint. Sister Mariam served the poor of Kerala and people suffering from leprosy and smallpox.

Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau Google Doodle

Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau is known for his discovery of Phenakistoscope. It was a device that gave birth to the cinema with moving images. Google remembered Joseph Antoine with a doodle dedicated to him. Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau was a well-known physicist of his time. Today's doodle of Google shows Plato's style through an animation. It has also tried to show the theme of different platforms of the device. Plateau researched the still images and moving objects and made an instrument called Phenakistoscope.

Top Current Affairs 13 October 2019

Gaganyaan: Training session for astronauts begins in Russia

Gaganyaan, Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) first human spaceflight, has started an extensive training programme for its astronauts. Four Indian Air Force pilots will participate in this mission. These pilots will be trained in Russia.

VP Venkaiah Naidu conferred with highest Civilian Honour of Comoros

The Vice President of India M. Venkaiah Naidu has conferred with Comoros' highest civilian honour 'The Order of the Green Crescent' on 12 October 2019. He was given this honour by Comoros President Azali Assoumani. Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu is on the official visit of Comoros and Sierra Leone from 10 October to 14 October. India and Comoros have signed six agreements, including defence cooperation and health. India will give USD 2 million lines of credit to Comoros.

Top Current Affairs 12 October 2019

Nobel Peace Prize: Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed Ali wins 2019 prize

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali has been awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize by the Nobel Committee. Abiy Ahmed Ali was honoured for his efforts in stabilising the 20-year-long border conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea and securing a peace deal. Abiy Ahmed Ali has become the first-ever Nigerian to win a Nobel Prize.

India vs South Africa 2nd test: Virat Kohli records

India’s Virat Kohli has become the first Indian captain to score 40 centuries. Virat Kohli has also become the second Indian captain to lead India in 50 tests, only after MS Dhoni. The Indian skipper also surpassed Australia’s Don Bradman to score the most number of 150 plus scores as a captain in international cricket.

NASA Launches ICON Mission to Study Earth's Ionosphere

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched a satellite ICON to detect dynamic zones of Earth’s Ionosphere. At the same time, it has to find the link between space and earth's weather. This NASA’s ICON mission started with a delay of two years. The satellite Ionosphere Connection Explorer (ICON) was launched from an aircraft over the Atlantic Ocean near the Florida coast. Five seconds after the satellite's launch, the Pegasus rocket attached to it ignited, and ICON proceeded on its way.

Kamini Roy Honoured by Google Doodle on her 155th Birth Anniversary

Kamini Roy was a Bengali poetess, activist and educationist and Google has dedicated today's Doodle to her. It is Kamini Roy's 155th birth anniversary today and doodle is a tribute to her. She has dedicated her life to women's education and rights during British India. Kamini Roy was the first woman who received a graduation degree in pre-independence India. Kamini Roy was also a great poetess and writer. She was born into an elite family, Kamini Roy's brother was the mayor of Kolkata and his sister was a Physician from Nepal's royal family. Kamini Roy had a deep interest in Mathematics but she completed her graduation in Sanskrit.

Top Current Affairs 11 October 2019

Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (Suman)

Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (Suman): The Union Government has launched Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) to provide quality healthcare at zero cost to pregnant women, new mothers and newborns. Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan launched the SUMAN scheme along with other state health ministers on October 10, 2019 during the 13th Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare in New Delhi. While speaking during the conference, Dr. Harsh Vardhan said that the central government is committed to achieving the target of reducing maternal and infant mortality.

India condemns Turkey’s military offensive in Syria

The Indian government has officially condemned Turkey’s unilateral military offensive in north-east Syria. The Union Ministry of External Affairs issued a statement expressing its concern over Turkey’s actions on October 10, 2019. The External Affairs Ministry said its statement that turkey’s actions can undermine stability in the region and the fight against terrorism. “Its action also has the potential for causing humanitarian and civilian distress,” the MEA said. Further, India called upon Turkey to exercise restraint and respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria and urged the nation for peaceful settlement of all issues through dialogue and discussion.

Jammu and Kashmir opens for tourists after two-month travel ban

The travel ban imposed on tourists travelling to Jammu and Kashmir has been lifted with effect from October 10, 2019, almost two months after it was issued. Jammu and Kashmir will now be opened for tourists like before. The announcement was made by Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik on October 7, 2019 after a review meeting of the security situation in the state along with state advisers and chief secretary. The Union Government had issued a security advisory on August 2, asking tourists to leave the valley immediately due to intelligence inputs of terror threats. The security advisory was issued just days before the government took the decision of revoking Article 370, withdrawing the special status of J&K.

Modi- Xi Jinping informal summit: Chinese premier to arrive in Chennai today

Chinese President Xi Jinping is scheduled to arrive in Chennai today for a two-day visit to India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will receive the Chinese Premier at Mamallapuram in Tamil Nadu, where they will hold their second informal summit on October 12. PM Modi has already arrived in Chennai by a special aircraft and he will be taking a helicopter to reach Mamallapuram, which is also popularly known as Mahabalipuram. PM Modi will personally guide the visiting Chinese President through Mamallapuram’s historic monuments and relics such as the Krishna butterball, Ganesh Rath, Arjun's Penance, Panch Rathas (five chariots of Pandavas) and the shore temple, where a cultural event has been organized.

Top Current Affairs 10 October 2019

World Mental Health Day 2019

World Mental Health Day 2019: World Mental Health Day is observed across the world on October 10, 2019. The day aims to raise awareness regarding mental health issues and mobilize efforts to support mental health. World mental health day theme for 2019 is suicide prevention. The main objective behind making suicide prevention the key focus this year is to attract the government’s attention to the issue so that it is given priority in public agendas across the world. The World mental health day 2019 gives an opportunity to all those who work in the field of mental health issues to talk about their work and raise awareness regarding what more can be done to make mental health care a reality for people across the globe.

Lakshmi Vilas Bank-Indiabulls Housing Finance: RBI rejects proposed merger

Lakshmi Vilas Bank-Indiabulls Housing Finance merger: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) rejected the proposed and much-talked merger plan between Indiabulls Housing Finance and Lakshmi Vilas bank. The reason for rejection is not publically available. However, in a statement, Lakshmi Vilas Bank said: "This is to inform that RBI vide their letter dated October 09, 2019, informed that the application for voluntary amalgamation of Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd and Indiabulls Commercial Credit Ltd with Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd cannot be approved." Earlier, the Competition Commission of India had already given its approval for the merger in the month of June this year. It is speculated the RBI rejected the merger deal because of the high level of bad loans, negative return on assets in recent years and lack of risk management capabilities. Due to these performance-related concerns, RBI had put Lakshmi Vilas Bank (LVB) under the Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework.

Health Minister launches WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023

Union Health Minister, Dr. Harsh Vardhan launched the ‘WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023: A Time of Transition’ in New Delhi on October 9, 2019. The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) aims to provide WHO with a strategic roadmap to plan its work with India to achieve its health sector goals. It aims to bring about a transformative change in the health sector by improving the health of the people in the focus country. Speaking on the occasion, the Union Health Minister stated that India is currently witnessing productive transformation in its health sector.

Global Competitiveness Index 2019: India falls to 68th rank, Singapore replaces US at top

Global Competitiveness Index 2019: India slipped down ten places to be ranked 68th in the annual Global Competitiveness Index 2019. India was ranked at the 58th position in the 2018 edition. Singapore topped the index this year, toppling the United States and pushing it to the second place. Despite its low rank, India performed better in certain indicators like renewable energy regulation, airport connectivity, inflation, research institutions prominence. However, it performed poorly in other indicators including security, where it was ranked near bottom at the 124th rank with its terrorism incidence and organised crime rate being extremely high.

Top Current Affairs 09 October 2019

India gets first Rafale fighter jet, Rajnath Singh performs Shastra Puja and flies sortie

India gets first Rafale: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh received the first of the 36 Rafale fighter jets on behalf of India on October 8, 2019 at a handing over ceremony at Mérignac in Bordeaux, France. The Defence Minister also undertook a sortie, piloted by French Captain Phil. Rajnath Singh described his sortie in Rafale as extremely comfortable and smooth. Singh also mentioned that the Captain flew him at supersonic speed and it was an unprecedented moment. “I had never imagined that I will get to sit in a combat aircraft and fly at supersonic speed,” the Minister exclaimed. Rajnath Singh performed a Shastra Puja before receiving the Rafale aircraft at the induction ceremony. The Defence Minister tweeted saying that it has been an ancient tradition in India to worship weapons on the occasion of Vijayadashami.

Nobel Prize 2019 in Physics awarded to James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to James Peebles in one half for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology and other half jointly to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for the discovery of an exoplanet. The Nobel Prize announcement was done by the Secretary-General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Goran K. Hansson. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019 recognises the work in understanding the structure and history of the universe and the first discovery of an exo-planet, as the discoveries have completely changed the conception of the world.

Jal Shakti Ministry launches Ganga Aamantran Abhiyan

Ganga Aamantran Abhiyan: The newly constituted Jal Shakti Ministry has launched Ganga Aamantran Abhiyan, a unique open-water rafting and kayaking expedition on the Ganga River to create awareness on Ganga rejuvenation and water conservation. Ganga Aamantran Abhiyan will be held from October 10 to November 11, 2019. The expedition will start from Devprayag and end at Ganga Sagar, covering the whole stretch of 2500 Km of the Ganga River. The Minister of Jal Shakti, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat launched the Abhiyan on October 7, 2019 and he would be participating in the event as well. The Minister is expected to lead from the front, he will flag off the expedition and be a part of it from Devprayag to Rishikesh.

Top Current Affairs 07 October 2019

Rohit Sharma’s maiden test as opener

Rohit Sharma in his maiden test as an opener became the sixth Indian to score a century in both the innings during India’s opening test against South Africa at Vishakhapatnam. India won the test by 203 runs after South Africa was dismissed for just 191 runs in their second innings on the fifth day of the test. Rohit Sharma became the 6th India to score a century in each innings of a test after legendary Indian cricketers including Sunil Gavaskar (thrice), Rahul Dravid (twice), Vijay Hazare and Indian skipper Virat Kohli and teammate Ajinkya Rahane.

Government approves 4-fold hike in assistance to families of battle casualties

The Defence Minister, Rajnath Singh has approved a four-fold increase in the monetary assistance provided to the next of kin of all battle casualties. With this, the fund provided to the families of battle casualties will be hiked from existing Rs 2 lakh to 8 lakh. The fund will be provided from the Army Battle Casualties Welfare Fund (ABCWF). The families of all categories of battle casualties will be able to avail the monetary assistance. The move fulfills a long-standing demand of the Indian Army. Currently, the monetary assistance worth Rs 2 lakh was given to the families of battle casualties in case of death or those who sustained 60 percent and above disability besides other categories.

Harmanpreet Kaur becomes first Indian cricketer to reach 100 T20 International matches

India and Bangladesh have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up a coastal surveillance radar system in Bangladesh to harness bilateral defence cooperation and to build a closer maritime security partnership between the two countries. India and Bangladesh have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up a coastal surveillance radar system in Bangladesh to harness bilateral defence cooperation and to build a closer maritime security partnership between the two countries. The MoU on coastal radar system was a part of the seven agreements signed after a summit meeting between PM Narendra Modi and visiting Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.

Top Current Affairs 06 October 2019

FSSAI ‘Trans-Fat Free’ logo launched; boosts Eat Right India Movement

Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan recently launched the “Trans Fat-Free” logo of Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). The Logo gives a boost to the ‘Eat Right India’ movement of FSSAI that aims to eliminate the use of trans-fat in food supplies across India. On the same occasion, the Minister also launched ‘Green Purple’ logo.

India and Bangladesh sign 7 bilateral agreements, inaugurate 3 projects

Three bilateral projects were inaugurated recently between India and Bangladesh through a video conferencing between PM Narendra Modi and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina. Both the sides exchanged seven bilateral agreements on Bangladesh-India Professional Skill Development Institute; Vivekananda Bhawan in Dhaka and other sectors.

Harmanpreet Kaur becomes first Indian cricketer to reach 100 T20 International matches

India and Bangladesh have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up a coastal surveillance radar system in Bangladesh to harness bilateral defence cooperation and to build a closer maritime security partnership between the two countries. India and Bangladesh have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up a coastal surveillance radar system in Bangladesh to harness bilateral defence cooperation and to build a closer maritime security partnership between the two countries. The MoU on coastal radar system was a part of the seven agreements signed after a summit meeting between PM Narendra Modi and visiting Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.

Government launches green crackers

Green crackers: The Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed green crackers, which are new and improved formulations of the previous sound-emitting crackers and other fireworks. The development of green crackers is aimed at reducing pollution and health risks. The announcement was made by the Health and Family Welfare Minister Harsh Vardhan during a press conference in New Delhi on October 5, 2019. The Health Minister displayed some of the green crackers including flower pots, pencils, sparklers and chakkar.

Top Current Affairs 05 October 2019

IAF releases promotion video on Balakot airstrike

IA promotional video on the Balakot airstrikes by India has been released by the Indian Air Force. The IAF clarified that the video footage is not from the actual strike but it showcases the movements of the day with a voiceover. The video shows how the Indian Air Force retaliated to the deadly Pulwama attack and destroyed the Jaish camp in Balakot.

Seven high courts get new chief justices

Seven new Chief Justices have been appointed to seven different high courts in the country. Ravi Shankar Jha has become the new Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court, Justice Ajay Lamba has been appointed as the Chief Justice of Guwahati High Court, Justice Inderjit Mahanti of Rajasthan High Court and Justice A Mani Kumar has been appointed as the new Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh High Court.

Harmanpreet Kaur becomes first Indian cricketer to reach 100 T20 International matches

Harmanpreet Kaur, Indian women's cricket captain, became India's first cricketer to play 100 T20 Internationals. Harmanpreet achieved this feat in the sixth and final T20 International against South Africa at Surat. Harmanpreet Kaur is the first Indian to achieve this feat in both the female and male categories. Mahendra Singh Dhoni and Rohit Sharma, who have the same 98 matches registered in their names, appear second after her.

Ravindra Jadeja second fastest Indian to take 200 Test wickets

Ravindra Jadeja has become the second fastest Indian to take 200 wickets in Test cricket. Jadeja achieved the feat when he bowled out Dean Elgar during the Day 3 of India’s first test against South Africa in Visakhapatnam. Jadeja is only behind off-spinner R Ashwin who took 37 test matches to enter the 200-wicket club. Jadeja reached the feat in 44 tests. Veteran Indian spinners, Harbhajan Singh and Anil Kumble had taken 46 and 47 matches respectively to reach the milestone. Jadeja also became the fastest left-arm bowler to take 200 wickets, ahead of Sri Lanka's Rangana Herath (47), Australia's Mitchell Johnson (49) and Mitchell Starc (50) and Pakistan’s Wasim Akram who took 51 matches to reach the milestone.

Top Current Affairs 04 October 2019

PM Modi and PM of Mauritius jointly inaugurate Mauritius Metro express

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his counterpart from Mauritius Pravind Jugnauth jointly inaugurated two landmark projects in Mauritius through video conference. PM Modi inaugurated phase-1 of Mauritius Metro Express and a new ENT Hospital in the country. PM Modi and Mauritius President Paramasivum Pillay Vyapoory met on the sidelines of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in New York. India is involved in various development works in Mauritius. Earlier, India inaugurated some projects in Nepal through video conferencing. South Asia's first cross border oil pipeline was inaugurated by PM Modi and Nepali PM KP Sharma Oli through a video conference.

Tejas express flagged off: Train timing, schedule, route, fare and facilities

Tejas Express: Tejas express is the first train that will not be run by Indian Railways but instead, it will be fully run by its subsidiary, Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC). The Indian Railways approved the proposal to let certain trains ply privately under Railway Ministry’s 100 days action plan to increase its revenue and boost profitability. As IRCTC is an arm of the Indian Railways, the move doesn’t completely privatise the train but it opens the doors for more public-private partnerships in the Indian rail network.

Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter CLASS detects charged particles on Moon

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that Chandrayaan2’s Orbiter payload CLASS has detected charged particles on the moon in its first few days of observation. CLASS has observed intensity variations in its first passage through Moon’s orbit. ISRO said in a statement released on its official website that CLASS is able to detect direct signatures of elements present in the lunar soil. It was also found by the CLASS that best observation occurred when the Sun provides a rich source of x-rays to illuminate the lunar surface. The payload can also detect secondary x-ray emissions resulted from the lunar surface to find out elements like Na, Ca, Al, Si, Ti and Fe.

Kapil Dev, Shantha Rangaswamy and Anshuman Gaekwad resign from CAC

Kapil Dev resigned from BCCI's 3-member Cricket Advisory Committee (CAC), after Shantha Rangaswamy tendered her resignation. Anshuman Gaekwad also followed suit by sending his resignation to BCCI CEO Rahul Johri on October 2, 2019.

Top Current Affairs 03 October 2019

Nizam Funds case: India wins £35m worth case at UK court, Pakistan's claim dismissed

India has won a decades-old legal dispute over funds belonging to the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad at the UK Court. The High Court of England and Wales, in a landmark judgement on October 2, 2019, ruled in favour of India and the Nizam's descendants and dismissed Pakistan's claims in a legal battle involving £35m. The judgement was delivered by Justice Marcus Smith. The court ruled that those claiming in right of Nizam VII- his grandsons and India were now entitled to the Nizam Funds.

Rajasthan bans Tobacco, Pan Masala on Gandhi Jayanti

The Rajasthan Government banned certain categories of Pan Masala and flavoured Tobacco products made of magnesium, carbonate, nicotine and mineral oil. Rajasthan is the third state to impose this ban after Maharashtra and Bihar. The medical department of Rajasthan will start taking samples of these products, and after investigation, if products found these substances will be banned. The government has banned these items under the Food Security Act. Every year, thousands of people in Rajasthan lose their lives due to cancer and consumption of tobacco. Now any kind of sale, production or storage of these products will not be allowed in the Rajasthan.

Scientists Discovered ‘Ancient River’ in Uttar Pradesh

A team of researchers and experts have found an undiscovered dried-up river during the geophysical survey in the Kaushambi and Prayagraj region in Uttar Pradesh. The most important aspect of this discovery is that this river was a link between Ganga and Yamuna rivers. The Union Jal Shakti Ministry wants to develop this river as a potential groundwater recharge source. A team of researchers and scientists from the CSIR-NGRI (National Geophysical Research Institute) and the Central Groundwater Board found this river.

India-Russia missile deal

India’s Foreign Minister S Jaishankar is currently on a US tour. He defended India's right to buy S-400 missile weapon system from Russia despite the threat of sanctions from the US. External Affairs Minister (EAM) S Jaishankar said ahead of a meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo that India is free to buy the missile defence system S-400 from Russia. Foreign Minister S Jaishankar said, “We would not like any state to tell us what to buy or not to buy from Russia any more than we would like any state to tell us to buy or not buy from America. That freedom of choice is ours and we think it’s in everybody’s interest to recognize that.”

Top Current Affairs 01 October 2019

Kalli Purie honoured with ‘India’s most powerful women in media’ award

Indian journalist Kallie Puri was honoured with “India’s Most Powerful Women in Media” award. She received the global honour at the prestigious Confluence Excellence Awards at the British Parliament on September 27, 2019. Kallie Puri is currently serving as the Vice-Chairperson of the India Today Group. She is a graduate in Politics, Philosophy & Economics from the Oxford University in England.

Niti Aayog’s School Education Quality Index: Kerala tops, UP worst performer

Niti Aayog has released the 'School Education Quality Index' (SEQI) report. In this index, the quality of school education of 20 states has been ranked by number. In this list, Kerala is in the first place, Rajasthan second while Karnataka secured third place. NITI Aayog has prepared this index based on the data of 2016-17. The index emphasizes the efforts of schools to increase the learning ability of students. Punjab and Jammu Kashmir are at the 18th and 19th position in the list.

Air Marshal RKS Bhadauria takes over as new IAF chief

Air Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria has taken over as the 26th Chief of the Indian Air Force (IAF), succeeding Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa, who demitted office after his superannuation on September 30, 2019. RKS Bhadauria was appointed as the next chief of IAF by the Union Government on September 19, 2019. The Air Marshal was earlier heading IAF's Bengaluru-based Training Command.

Viju Khote, Sholay’s Kalia, passes away at 77

Viju Khote, Veteran Bollywood actor, has passed away on 30 September 2019. He was 77. He was suffering from multiple health issues for a long time. He took his breath at his home in Mumbai. Viju Khote was most famous for his roles in Sholay as 'Kalia' and in Andaz Apna Apna as 'Robert'. Viju Khote was also praised for his outstanding performance in several Marathi films. Viju Khote started his career in the year 1964.

Top Current Affairs 28 September 2019

NASA releases image, claiming Chandrayaan-2’s Vikram had hard landing

NASA has released some high-resolution pictures of Vikram Lander's landing site, which were taken by its Lunar orbiter camera. On the basis of the pictures, NASA claimed the Vikram lander had a hard landing on the lunar surface. However, NASA was not able to locate the lander. The space agency will now attempt to take more images during its next flyby in October, which will be in a more favourable lighting.

Google’s 21st Birthday

Google Doodle shows 20-year journey of the top search engine. Google was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin on 27 September 1998 and now operates all over the world in over 100 languages. The first Google doodle was created by the company in honour of the Burning Man Festival. After making the first doodle, Google made it a tradition.

World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019: India moves up four places to 44th rank

India has risen by four places to be ranked 44th in the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019 (WDCR). India was ranked at the 48th position in 2018. The US continued to top the rankings list, followed by Singapore at 2nd, Sweden at 3rd, Denmark at 4th rank and Switzerland at 5th rank. India fared best in the technology factor, especially in the telecommunications investment.

INS Khanderi submarine commissioned into Indian Navy

Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on September 28, 2019 commissioned the INS Khanderi, the second indigenously built Scorpene class submarine, into the Indian Navy in the presence of Navy chief Admiral Karambir Singh. This diesel-electric submarine possesses superior stealth and major combat capabilities. While commissioning INS Khanderi, Minister Rajnath Singh reiterated Indian Navy's capabilities in ensuring peace and stability in Indian coastal regions. He further said that Indian Navy is ready to take strict action against those who try to disturb peace in the country. On the same occasion, the Defence Minister inducted P-17 Shivalik-class frigate Nilgiri and the aircraft carrier drydock into the Indian Navy.

Top Current Affairs 25 September 2019

J&K becomes first state to issue highest number of golden cards under Ayushman Bharat scheme

Jammu and Kashmir has become the first state to distribute the highest number of golden cards under Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY). In a recent development, more than 11 lakhs of golden cards have been issued under AB-PMJAY within 90 days of the launch of the scheme.

PM Modi’s address at UN Climate Action Summit

Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke on climate change and how India is tackling the issue during the 2019 UN Climate Action Summit in New York, US on September 23, 2019. The Prime Minister said, “Today, we need a comprehensive approach, which will cover everything including education, values, lifestyle and development philosophy. A worldwide mass movement is the need of the hour today to bring about a behavioural change.” He said India has decided to increase the use of non- fossil fuel in the fuel mix.

FIFA Best Player 2019: Lionel Messi and Megan Rapinoe win best players awards

Football legend Lionel Messi once again bagged FIFA's Best Men's Player Award for his outstanding performance throughout the year. Lionel Messi has won this award for the record sixth time and in this case, he has defeated his biggest rival Cristiano Ronaldo. In the women's category, Megan Rapinoe received her first FIFA best player award for 2019.

Amitabh Bachchan gets Dadasaheb Phalke award

Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Amitabh Bachchan has been selected for the highest Indian film honour- Dadasaheb Phalke award for the year 2019. The announcement was made by Union Minister Prakash Javadekar, through a tweet, in which he said that the legendary Amitabh Bachchan, who entertained and inspired for 2 generations, has been selected unanimously for the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke award.

Top Current Affairs 21 September 2019

Nirmala Sitharaman press conference: Corporate tax rates slashed, enhanced surcharge not applicable on capital gains

Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman addressed a press conference in Panjim, Goa on September 20, 2019. The Finance Minister announced that the Government has proposed to slash the corporate tax rates for domestic companies and for new domestic manufacturing companies. Further, the Minister announced that any new domestic company incorporated on or after October 1, 2019 making fresh investment in manufacturing will pay income tax at a rate of 15 percent.

Historic Corporate Tax Rate Cut to 22%: One of the lowest tax rates among other Countries

ndia’s Corporate Tax Rate has been slashed to 22 per cent, a historic move by Narendra Modi-led NDA Government. The Government has already passed the ordinance for slashing the corporate tax rate. Corporate Tax Rate has been cut to 22 per cent from 30 per cent earlier, which is one of the lowest tax rates among the developed and developing economies in South Asian and South-East Asia Regions for the manufacturing units globally. The move is in line with the Government initiatives to boost the Indian economy and make it a USD 5 Trillion economy. Corporate Tax Rate after surcharge will now stand at 25.17% for domestic companies (inclusive of all cess and surcharges).

SC seeks report from J&K Juvenile Justice panel on alleged ill-treatment of children in Kashmir

The Supreme Court has directed the J&K Juvenile Justice Committee to submit a report on the allegations of illegal detention and ill-treatment of children in Jammu and Kashmir. The two petitioners had submitted before the court that there have been extensive coverage on violation in J&K including loss of life and liberty and ill-treatment of a large number minor and youth.

Taiwan and Kiribati cut off diplomatic ties amid China pressure

Taiwan has cut off its ties with Kiribati thereby losing its second ally within a matter of a week. The Solomon Islands announced on September 16, 2019 that it would be breaking its long-standing ties with Taiwan. The move comes amid Taiwan’s tensions with China. China claims Taiwan to be its territory and says that it has no right to having formal ties with any country. Taiwan currently has official diplomatic relations with only 15 countries worldwide.

Top Current Affairs 20 September 2019

Rajnath Singh becomes first defence minister to fly fighter jet Tejas

Rajnath Singh has become the first Defence Minister to fly indigenously-built fighter aircraft Tejas. The Defence Minister flew a 30-minute sortie in the twin-seater version of Tejas. DRDO Chief Dr G Satheesh Reddy said that the Defence Minister controlled and flew the Tejas for sometime. Tejas became the first Indian aircraft to successfully carry out “arrested landing” on September 13, demonstrating its ability to land onboard an aircraft carrier.

Donald Trump appoints Robert O’Brien as new US National Security Adviser

US President Donald Trump has named Robert O’Brien as the new National Security Adviser (NSA) of the United States. Robert O’Brien will be replacing John Bolton who was fired by Trump last week. He will be the fourth national security adviser under Donald Trump‘s administration and 28th NSA overall. He was preceded by John Bolton, Herbert Raymond McMaster and Michael Flynn. The position does not need confirmation from the Congress. Robert O'Brien has had a long career in law and foreign policy and has worked for both the main US parties, the Democrats as well as the Republicans.

Tatpar app: Delhi Police launches app to provide 24x7 services to citizens

Delhi Police has launched Tatpar app to provide safety and a convenient 24x7 online mode to its citizens. The Tatpar app has an SOS button, which is provided on the home screen, for urgent assistance. The SOS button will enable the user to call an emergency contact number of their choice or reach out to their nearest Police Control Room (PCR) at 100 with a single touch.

SC sets October 18 as deadline to conclude Ayodhya hearing

Nifty registered its biggest single-day gain in ten years by crossing 11,000 and Sensex also rose past 1,900 points on September 20, 2019 minutes after Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced major tax relief for domestic and new domestic manufacturing firms to boost investment and growth. Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that the Government has proposed to slash corporate tax for domestic companies to 25.17 percent inclusive of cess and surcharges. The Government also decided to include a new provision in the Income Tax Act to allow new domestic manufacturing companies incorporated on or after October 1 to pay income tax at a rate of 15 percent. The tax rate effective for these companies will be 17.01 percent inclusive of all surcharge and cess.

Top Current Affairs 19 September 2019

Israel election results: Benny Gantz is ahead of Benjamin Netanyahu

As per the official results released by the Central Elections Committee of Israel, Benny Gantz’s Blue and White party is a little ahead of Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud party. As of now, 90 per cent of votes has been counted. Benjamin Netanyahu is the longest-serving prime minister of Israel and is seeking another term.

E-cigarettes banned, Nirmala Sitharaman announces in Cabinet Briefing

Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced during a cabinet briefing that E-cigarettes have been banned across the country. Under this complete ban, no company would be allowed to produce, sell, manufacture or advertise the e-cigarettes across India. Soon, an ordinance will be issued in this regard.

Moti Bagh: Documentary on Indian farmer’s life nominated for Oscars

A documentary based on Uttarakhand farmer’s life “Moti Bagh” has been recently nominated for the Oscars. Moti Bagh has been directed by Nirmal Chander and is based on the life of Vidyadutt, a farmer who belongs to a remote village of Pauri Garhwal region of Uttarakhand.

SC sets October 18 as deadline to conclude Ayodhya hearing

Supreme Court recently fixed October 18, 2019, as the deadline for concluding the hearings of the Ram janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case. The motive behind this deadline is to deliver the verdict in Ayodhya case before the retirement of CJI Ranjan Gogoi in November 2019.

Top Current Affairs 18 September 2019

"PoK is a part of India," says EAM S Jaishankar

Indian External Affairs Ministry while speaking at a press conference on September 17, 2019 stated clearly that PoK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir) is, has always been and will always be a part of India. He also added that India expects to have jurisdiction over the area one day. Further, the EAM clarified that their main objective in the Kulbhushan Jadhav case was to gain consular access to him and to know his wellbeing.

PM Modi asks the public for speech ideas ahead of ‘Howdy Modi’ Event

PM Narendra Modi has invited ideas from the people for his speech at the 'Howdy Modi' event in Houston, US on September 22, 2019. Earlier, PM Modi had asked the people for their views for his Independence Day speech and ‘Mann Ki Baat’ programme. US President Donald Trump will be joining PM Modi at the event in a first for the two.

ISRO, DRDO sign MoU to provide critical technologies for Human Space Mission

SRO and DRDO have signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MoU) to develop human-centric systems for the Human Space Mission to demonstrate ISRO's human space flight capabilities. The MoUs were signed by a delegation of ISRO scientists led by Human Space Flight Centre Director Dr. S Unnikrishnan Nair with various DRDO labs to provide technologies for human-centric systems and technologies specific to the Human Space Mission.

India successfully test-fires air-to-air missile Astra

India has successfully test-fired air-to-air missile Astra from Sukhoi-30 MKI. The indigenously developed missile was tested off the coast of Odisha on September 17, 2019. Astra missile is capable of engaging targets of different ranges and altitudes including short and long-range targets. The state-of-art-missile was launched by the Indian Air force as a part of user trials from Sukhoi-30 MKI. Astra missile completed its test with success, as it was able to accurately engage the live aerial target. The mission took place as planned. Various radars including Optical Tracking System (EOTS) and sensors were able to successfully track down the missile and confirm its engagement with the live target.

Top Current Affairs 17 September 2019

Saudi Oil Facility Attack

The drone attacks on Saudi Arabia's major oil facilities have engineered the rise of Global Oil prices. The attack caused disruption on more than 5 percent of global supply. In the aftermath of the attack, the United States accused Iran as the main culprit. However, Iran strongly rejected the US accusation.

‘Howdy Modi’ Event: Trump to join Modi in Houston Rally

US President Donald Trump will join PM Narendra Modi in Houston at a mega event named ‘Howdy Modi!’ It will be for the first time when US President Donald Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be addressing a joint rally. The event will be a big opportunity to emphasize the strong bonds between the people of the US and India. It will be the third meeting between Modi and Trump this year.

Pankaj Advani wins record 22nd World Billiards Title: IBSF World Billiards Championship

Pankaj Advani recently won his 22nd World Billiards Title at the IBSF World Billiards Championship 2019. This is Advani’s fourth consecutive world title in billiards short format (150-up). Pankaj Advani is one of India’s most consistent sportspersons. Following his return in 2014 after a brief professional stint in the UK, Advani has won a world title every year in billiards or snooker or both.

Mayank Vaid completes 463 km Enduroman triathlon with a world record

Mayak Vaid has become first Indian to complete Enduroman triathlon in record time. Enduroman triathlon is one of the toughest endurance competitions around the world. Enduroman triathlon starts in London and ends in Paris. Mayank Vaid is the first-ever Asian who completed the challenge with a world record.

Top Current Affairs 14 September 2019

Odd-Even rule to be implemented in Delhi from 4-15 November

The Chief Minister of Delhi Arvind Kejriwal has re-introduced odd-even scheme in Delhi. This scheme will be implemented on Delhi’s roads from November 4 to 15. Under the odd-even scheme, cars with licence plates ending in an odd number and even number will be allowed to ply on alternate days. The scheme was implemented for the first time in 2016. However, the scheme had got into controversies over exemptions granted to various categories of vehicles.

India wins ‘Best Video’ award in UNWTO Tourism Video Competition 2019

India’s ‘Yogi of the Racetrack’ has won ‘Best Video’ award for the Asia & Pacific Region in the UNWTO Tourism Video Competition 2019. The ‘Yogi of the Racetrack’ is a short film that scripts a journey through India and its vast diversity, including the Ganges, the Himalayas through the eyes of a yogi.

Indian Railways announces incentives to boost economy

Indian Railways has announced certain freight incentives to boost the Indian economy. The Indian Railways has decided to defer the implementation of Busy Season Charge till further advice. The Railways has also decided to provide 25 percent discount in the movement of empty containers and empty flat wagons and waive off the 5 percent supplementary charges applicable on the loading on mini and two point rakes.

Kim Clijsters: Former World no.1 announces return to tennis 7 years after retirement

Kim Clijsters, former World no. 1 and four-time Grand Slam Winner has announced her return to professional tennis, seven years after her retirement. Kim Clijsters announced her comeback through a video on twitter. Clijsters, who is 36, said that she was ready to come back in 2020.

Top Current Affairs 13 September 2019

Mary Kom recommended for Padma Vibhushan, PV Sindhu for Padma Bhushan

Mary Kom has been recommended for the Padma Vibhushan Award, India’s second-highest civilian award. PV Sindhu’s name has been suggested for the Padma Bhushan Award. The Sports Ministry has also named seven other female athletes for the Padma awards, making the awards women-dominated this time.

DRDO successfully test fires indigenously developed Anti-Tank Guided Missile system

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired an indigenously-developed Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) system on September 11. This test was conducted at Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. The Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) is an indigenous missile which is based on the fire-and-forget system.

Feroz Shah Kotla renamed as Arun Jaitley Stadium

Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium in Delhi was renamed as Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium in the memory of former DDCA President on September 12, 2019. The DDCA (Delhi and District Cricket Association) had decided to honour Arun Jaitley on August 27, 2019. The veteran politician breathed his last on August 24 after a prolonged illness. The renaming ceremony was held at the Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium. The inauguration of the Arun Jaitley cricket stadium was done digitally by Home Minister Amit Shah in the presence of the late Union Finance Minister's family. Arun Jaitley had earlier served as the President of the Delhi District Cricket Association (DDCA) as well as the vice-president of the Board of Control for Cricket in India.

Water discovered on a potentially habitable super-Earth

Water has been found by scientists in the atmosphere of a potentially habitable super-Earth. The exoplanet, named K2-18b, is twice the size and eight times the mass of Earth. K2-18b is the first planet outside the solar system in the habitable zone of its star. The discovery was published in a paper in a scientific journal, Nature Astronomy on September 11, 2019 by researchers from University College London (UCL). The paper revealed that scientists studied the atmosphere of K2-18b, a distant super-Earth and for the first time discovered water vapor in its atmosphere and temperature that could potentially support life.

Top Current Affairs 12th September 2019

John Bolton: Trump abruptly fires national security adviser John Bolton

US President Donald Trump abruptly fired his national security adviser John Bolton on September 10, 2019. Trump himself made the announcement through his official twitter account. The US President claimed that he strongly disagreed on many of Bolton’s suggestions.

Jammu and Kashmir Bifurcation: Government forms 3-member panel to oversee bifurcation of J&K

A three-member panel has been formed by the Union Government to oversee the implementation of bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories. The 3-member advisory committee will be headed by former defence secretary Sanjay Mitra and its members include retired IAS officer Arun Goyal and retired Indian Civil Accounts Service officer Giriraj Prasad.

Swacchta hi Seva 2019

Swacchta hi Seva 2019: Swachhta hi Seva 2019 was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Mathura on September 11, 2019. The Swachhta hi Sewa 2019 theme is ‘plastic waste awareness and management’. Swachhta hi Seva is a massive nationwide awareness and mobilization campaign on Swachhta. The Swachhta hi Seva 2019 is being organized from September 11 till October 2, 2019. PM Modi had set the goal of making India ODF by October 2, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).

Top Current Affairs 11th September 2019

Jack Ma retirement: Jack Ma to step down as Chairman of Alibaba

Alibaba Chairman Jack Ma will step down from his position on September 10, 2019. Jack Ma’s retirement will mark the end of an era for Alibaba and mark a new beginning. Daniel Zhang, Alibaba's CEO, will replace Jack Ma as Executive Chairman of the group. Jack Ma, had co-founded Alibaba in 1999 and under his leadership, the company grew up to become one of Asia’s most valuable listed company. The current market capitalization of Alibaba is around $460 billion. Jack Ma had announced his decision to retire from the Chairman position in September 2018. He had handpicked Daniel Zhang as his successor. It is rare for a founder of such a big tech firm to retire so early. Jack Ma planned to retire on his 55th birthday.

PM Modi inaugurates first cross-border pipeline in South Asia

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the India-Nepal cross-border petroleum pipeline along with Nepal Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli through video conferencing on September 10, 2019. The India-Nepal cross-border petroleum pipeline is South Asia’s first cross-border pipeline. The PMO called the project a symbol of India's close relations with Nepal.

PM Modi crosses 50 million followers, becomes third most followed leader

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has crossed the mark of 50 million followers on his twitter account, becoming the third most followed world leader after Donald Trump and Barack Obama. PM Modi is the most followed Indian on Twitter, even ahead of Bollywood superstars like Salman Khan and Shahrukh Khan and Indian skipper Virat Kohli. Among the world leaders, Modi is close behind US President Donald Trump, who has 64 million followers.

Gujarat Reduces Traffic Violation Fines under New Motor Vehicles Act

The Gujarat government has reduced the challan amounts imposed under the new Motor Vehicles Act (MVA) for breaking traffic rules. BJP-ruled Gujarat is the first state to do so. The new rules will come into effect from September 16 onwards. The Delhi government is also considering reducing certain penalties. Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani announced that the fines laid down in the new act were the maximum suggested and his government had reduced them after detailed deliberations. According to the various reports, the Gujarat government reduced fines on traffic violations up to 50 per cent.

Top Current Affairs 10th September 2019

ISRO’s Vikram lander found unbroken but in a tilted position on the Moon

Vikram lander of Chandrayaan-2 has been found in a tilted position and in a single piece on the surface of the Moon. Vikram has been found in a single piece that means it has not broken despite a hard landing. ISRO is trying its best efforts to re-establish communication with Vikram lander.

World reaction to Chandrayaan 2: “Space is hard, we commend ISRO’s attempt to land Chandrayaan 2 mission," NASA

World reaction to Chandrayaan 2: Chandrayaan-2’s lander module, Vikram lander was scheduled to make its historic moon landing near the Moon’s South Pole in the early hours, between 1.30-2.30 am of September 7. Few seconds before the final touchdown, ISRO's Mission Control Centre lost contact with the Vikram Lander. Despite the setback, world leaders and foreign space agencies including NASA applauded ISRO for its Chandrayaan 2 mission achievements.

100 Days of Modi Government 2.0: "First 100 days marked by development, trust and big changes," says PM Modi

The first 100 days of Modi Government 2.0 have been of “development, trust and big changes” in the country, said Prime Minister Narendra Modi during a big rally in Rohtak, Haryana on September 8, 2019.

Trump-Taliban talks cancelled

US President Donald Trump revealed on September 8, 2019 that he has called off his planned secret meeting with top Taliban leaders after they admitted to an attack in Kabul that killed a US soldier and 11 others. Trump tweeted saying, “Unbeknownst to almost everyone, the major Taliban leaders and, separately, the President of Afghanistan, were going to secretly meet with me at Camp David on Sunday.”

PM Modi to launch Kisan Man Dhan Yojana on September 12

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch the Kisan Man Dhan Yojana (KMDY) scheme on September 12, 2019 in Ranchi, Jharkhand. The scheme aims to secure the lives of 5 crore small and marginal farmers by providing a minimum pension worth Rs 3000 each month, to those who attain 60 years of age. The government has earmarked funds worth Rs 10,774 Crores for the scheme for the next three years. All small and marginal farmers, who are currently between the age of 18-40 years, can apply for the scheme. The farmer’s monthly contribution can be made from the installments of PM-KISAN or through CSCs.

Top Current Affairs 8th September 2019

Ram Jethmalani, Former Law Minister and Eminent Lawyer, Passes Away at 95

Ram Jethmalani: Senior Supreme Court lawyer Ram Jethmalani passed away on September 8, 2019. He was 95. Jethmalani was a former minister for Law and Urban Development in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee Cabinet. He also served as the chairman of the Bar Council of India. Jethmalani, a criminal lawyer par excellence, fought several high-profile cases. In his early career, he fought a famous case KM Nanavati Vs State of Maharashtra in 1959. Later, in 2011 he fought multi-crore 2G scam cases. Among the famous cases that he fought are Hawala Scam, Arun Jaitely defamation case against Arvind Kejriwal, Fodder Scam case, Sahara-SEBI case, etc.

Legendary Pakistan leg-spinner Abdul Qadir dies

Veteran leg-spinner of Pakistan’s cricket team Abdul Qadir passed away after suffering a cardiac arrest in Lahore on September 6, 2019. He was 63. According to the media reports, he was rushed to the hospital but doctors could not save his life. Sachin Tendulkar took to Twitter to express his condolences, he wrote, “Remember playing against Abdul Qadir, one of the best spinners of his times. My heartfelt condolences to his family. RIP,” Abdul Qadir was always an important player in the India-Pakistan contests. The Pakistan Cricket Board mourned the death of Abdul Qadir and tweeted that they are shocked at the death of Abdul Qadir.

Top Current Affairs 7th September 2019

Vikram and Pragyan: Meet India’s first moon lander and rover

Vikram Lander is named after former ISRO Chairperson, Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Programme. Vikram Lander is designed to function for one lunar day, which is equal to around 14 Earth Days. Vikram Lander, which is carrying three scientific payloads to conduct surface and subsurface science experiments, is scheduled to begin its powered descent between 1-2am September 7, followed by touchdown between 1.30-2.30 am.

Robert Mugabe: Former Zimbabwe President passes away

Robert Mugabe, former Zimbabwe President passed away at the age of 95 on September 6, 2019. Robert Mugabe had ruled Zimbabwe for almost four decades before he was ousted from power in a military coup two years ago.

ISRO Chandrayaan-2 Setback will give a new hope: PM Modi to ISRO scientists

ISRO Chandrayaan 2 landing: It was a huge disappointment for the entire nation as communication with lander Vikram was lost in the last minute. ISRO chief K Sivan released a message to the media that Vikram lander descent was going as planned. Normal performance was observed up to 2.1 km. Subsequently, communication was lost. All the collected data is being analysed. He also called off the planned press conference. However, the encouraging words came from PM Modi who said that the best is yet to come in our space programme. India is with you. ISRO confirmed that it lost contact seconds before the ship was expected to land.

Top Current Affairs 6th September 2019

P Chidambaram sent to Tihar jail till September 19

P Chidambaram has been sent to Tihar jail till September 19, 2019. The order was given by Rouse Avenue Court in Delhi where the CBI's case against the former Finance Minister in relation to INX Media corruption case was being heard. Following the ruling, P Chidambaram filed an application before the Delhi court seeking directions for the jail authorities to provide him a separate cell with adequate security.

India pledges 1 billion USD for development of Russian Far East

Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the 5th Eastern Economic Forum at Vladivostok, Russia as its Chief Guest at the special invitation of Russian President Vladimir Putin. While speaking at the Eastern Economic Forum, the Prime Minister made a landmark announcement. The Prime Minister announced that India would be giving 1 billion dollar worth 'Line of Credit' for the development of the Far East. This is the first time that India would be giving line of credit to an area of another country.

Investigation into crimes ‘prerogative’ of police, courts should not interfere: SC

The Supreme Court ruled on September 5, 2019 that investigation into crimes is a "prerogative" of the police and the courts should not interfere in its every stage. The top court said that a court’s interference at each stage would affect the normal course of the investigation. The ruling was delivered by an SC bench comprising Justices R Banumathi and A S Bopanna while denying anticipatory bail to former Union Minister P Chidambaram in the INX Media money laundering case. The top court said that the investigation agency should be the one deciding the course of the probe and the judiciary should be kept out of it, except in rare cases.

Chandrayaan 2 landing

Chandrayaan 2 landing: Chandrayaan 2 will make its historic moon landing on Saturday early morning between 1.30 and 2.30 am. The last 15 minutes of 'Vikram' lander’s descent on to the Moon will be terrifying, according to ISRO Chairman K Sivan. Chandrayaan 2 is scheduled to begin its final descent on the lunar surface today. The Indian Space Research Organisation has described the last phase of descent as terrifying, as it would be a completely new area for ISRO. Chandrayaan’s successful landing will make India the fourth nation in the world to achieve a soft landing on Moon, after developed nations such as the United States, Russia and China. India will be, however, the first nation to land on the darker side of the moon, near its south pole.

Top Current Affairs 4th September 2019

PM Modi’s Russia visit

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has become the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Vladivostok, the far-east region of Russia. The Prime Minister landed in Vladivostok on September 4, as a part of his two-day visit to Russia from September 4-6, 2019. PM Modi was greeted by Vladimir Putin at Vladivostok and the Russian President, in a special gesture, also accompanied Modi to the Zvezda shipyard in Vladivostok. Following the shipyard visit, both the leaders participated in the 20th India-Russia Annual Summit. While addressing the press after the summit, PM Modi said that both India and Russia are against outside influence in the internal matters of any nation.

ICC Test Rankings: Virat Kohli loses top rank to Steve Smith

Virat Kohli has lost his number 1 ICC Test ranking to Steve Smith. The former Australian captain reclaimed the top spot, toppling the Indian skipper after Kohli scored a duck in the second innings of the second test match against West Indies in Jamaica.Virat Kohli had scored 76 runs in the first innings of the second test. Kohli has not yet made a century this year.

Qatar 2022, FIFA World Cup logo unveiled

The official logo of Qatar 2022 FIFA world cup has been unveiled in the capital Doha recently. FIFA world cup 2022 will be hosted by the Gulf emirate and preparations are in full swing. Qatar celebrated the release of the 2022 world cup logo by displaying in its public space in Doha and cities around the world.

Union Cabinet approves infusion of capital by Government in IDBI Bank

The Union Cabinet has approved infusion of capital worth Rs 4,557 crore by the central government in IDBI Bank. The Union Cabinet was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The decision to infuse capital in IDBI Bank is expected to help in completing the process of IDBI Bank’s turnaround and enable its return to profitability.

Top Current Affairs 3rd September 2019

Vikram lander successfully separates from Chandrayaan-2 orbiter

Chandrayaan-2: The Vikram Lander successfully separated from Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter at 1.15 pm IST on September 2, 2019. The Vikram Lander is currently located in an orbit of 119 km x 127 km. The Lander will now begin de-orbiting on September 3 to begin its preparations for the historic moon landing. Chandrayaan-2 is just a week away from its much-awaited landing on the darker side of the moon.

India accepts Pakistan’s offer of consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav

India has accepted Pakistan’s offer of consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav. The meeting is expected to be held on September 2, 2019. Pakistan’s surprise offer to India comes at a time when tensions are high between the two countries over the Kashmir issue.

Abhinandan Varthaman flies with IAF Chief BS Dhanoa on his last sortie

Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, the recipient of Vir Chakra, flew with IAF Chief BS Dhanoa on his last sortie aboard MiG-21 fighter aircraft on September 2, 2019. Indian Air Force Chief BS Dhanoa and Wing Commander Abhinandan took off in MiG-21 trainer from the Pathankot Airbase in Punjab and flew for 30 minutes.

PM Modi to be conferred an award for Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be honoured with an award by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for his work in the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. PM Modi will be receiving the award in the United States.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the ambitious projects that was introduced during PM Modi’s first term as the Prime Minister of India. The project was launched on October 2, 2014, on the occasion of Gandhi’s birth anniversary.

Boeing AH-64 Apache combat helicopters inducted into IAF

Eight Boeing AH-64 Apache combat helicopters were inducted into the Indian Air Force on September 3, 2019. The US-made Apache helicopters will provide a major boost to IAF's combat capabilities. The induction ceremony of the Apache AH-64E helicopters took place at the Pathankot Air Force station. IAF Chief BS Dhanoa will be the chief guest of the induction ceremony.

Top Current Affairs 1st September 2019

Five new governors appointed: Tamilisai Soundararajan appointed as Telangana Governor, Arif M Khan gets Kerala

Five new state Governors were appointed by the Union Government on September 1, 2019. Himachal Pradesh Governor Kalraj Mishra was transferred to Rajasthan and former Union Minister Bandaru Dattatreya was appointed in his place as the Governor of Himachal Pradesh. Kalraj Mishra will be replacing Kalyan Singh in Rajasthan. Former civil aviation minister Arif Mohammed Khan was appointed as the Governor of Kerala. Khan replaces former CJI P Sathasivam, whose five-year term came to an end. Senior BJP leader Bhagat Singh Koshyari was appointed as the new Governor of Maharashtra. Koshyari would be succeeding Vidya Sagar Rao, whose five-year term came to an end recently.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi confers Yoga Awards 2019

National Yoga Awards 2019 were conferred by PM Narendra Modi. Awards were given away for outstanding contribution for promotion and development of Yoga. However, names of winners were announced during the International Day of Yoga, 2019. Apart from this, PM Modi has also launched 10 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres in Haryana. Ministry of Ayush has promised to construct 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres across the country.

Triple Talaq bill gets President's assent

The Triple Talaq Bill or the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 received President Ram Nath Kovind’s assent on July 31, 2019. The bill has now become a law. The Triple Talaq bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on July 30 through ballot voting with 99 votes in favour and 84 against.

One nation one ration card scheme implemented in four States 2019

One nation one ration card scheme was launched on Thursday on a pilot basis in four states- Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The scheme will provide a major boost to the national food security government.

Delhi Government to provide free electricity to households consuming up to 200 units of power

Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal has announced that all Delhi households consuming 200 units of power or less will now get a zero bill every month. However, existing electricity rates will apply is a household is using more than 200 units. According to the Delhi Government, the decision will encourage people to consume less power and conserve more energy.

Top Current Affairs 30 August 2019

Assam NRC Final List on 1st September 2019

The NRC for Assam or National Register of Citizens for Assam will be published on August 31, 2019. The Assam government has said it will provide free legal assistance to needy people whose names do not figure in the NRC. Apart from the government, the state's ruling BJP and opposition Congress have also extended their help to the needy people left out of NRC.

Environment Ministry releases Rs 47,436 crore for afforestation to various states

The Union Ministry of Environment has released Rs 47,436 crore of CAMPA funds to various states for afforestation projects. The transferred funds will not affect the state budget for forests, it will be an additional fund. The funds were handed over by Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar. The Environment Ministry has released the additional fund to the states to give a boost to forestry activities to achieve the objectives of the Nationally-Determined Contributions (NDCs) of increasing forest and tree cover. The increase in forest and tree cover will create an additional carbon sink equivalent to 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide by the year 2030.

Top Current Affairs 29 August 2019

Article 370: 5-judge constitution bench to hear Article 370 petitions in October; SC sends notice to centre

The Supreme Court has referred cases challenging the scrapping of Article 370 to a five-judge constitution bench. Article 370 petitions will now be heard in the first week of October. The Supreme Court also issued notices to the centre on all petitions related to the scrapping of Article 370 and the restrictions imposed on the media in the state and has sought reply within 7 days.

IPS officer Aparna Kumar to be conferred Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2018

IPS Officer Aparna Kumar will be honoured with the Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2018 in the ‘Land adventure’ category. Aparna Kumar is a 2002 batch IPS officer from the Uttar Pradesh Cadre. She is currently posted as DIG in the Indo Tibetan Police Force at Dehradun. Aparna Kumar is the first IPS officer to be honoured with the prestigious Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2018.

Government sets up 5-member GoM for Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh

The Union Government has constituted a 5-member Group of Ministers (GoM) to look into issues concerning the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The GoM will look into the development, economic and social issues of the two UTs and suggest ways to improve the situation. The two UTs will come into existence on October 31.

National Sports Day 2019 (29 August): List of Government Schemes & Initiatives to promote Sports in India"

National Sports Day 2019 (Rashtriya Khel Divas) will be observed tomorrow on 29 August across India. The Day marks the birth anniversary of Major Dhyan Chand, the legendary hockey player who was born on August 29 in the year 1905. The Day is observed every year to spread awareness about the importance of sports and games in the life of every individual.

Top Current Affairs 28 August 2019

Feroz Shah Kotla to be renamed as Arun Jaitley Stadium

Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium in Delhi will be renamed as Arun Jaitley Stadium in the memory of former DDCA President. The decision was announced by the DDCA (Delhi and District Cricket Association) on August 27, 2019.

Sumit Nagal becomes first Indian to beat Roger Federer in a set

Sumit Nagal has become the first-ever Indian tennis player to win a set against tennis giant Roger Federer. The Indian achieved this feat on August 26, 2019 during his first-round match against Federer in the ongoing US Open.

RBI accepts Bimal Jalan Committee recommendations, approves Rs. 1.76 lakh crore to Govt

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to transfer a sum of Rs. 1,76,051 crore to the Government of India as per the recommendations made by Bimal Jalan Committee. The surplus money includes a sum of Rs. 1,23,414 crore for the year 2018-19 and Rs. 52,637 crore of excess provisions identified as per the revised Economic Capital Framework (ECF) adopted at the meeting of the Central Board.

Brazil rejects G7 aid to fight Amazon rainforest fire, says "reforest Europe"

Brazil has rejected the $22 million aid pledged by the G7 nations to fight the Amazon rainforest fire. Brazil's Chief of staff to President, Onyx Lorenzoni said, "We appreciate the offer but maybe those resources are more relevant to reforest Europe." The G7 had decided to send a fire-fighting aircraft to fight the fire at Amazon rainforest, which is the world’s biggest rainforest.

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